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Optic atrophy type 1 (OPA1, MIM 165500) is a dominantly inherited optic neuropathy occurring in 1 in 50,000 individuals that features progressive loss in visual acuity leading, in many cases, to legal blindness. Phenotypic variations and loss of retinal ganglion cells, as found in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), have suggested possible(More)
OPA1 encodes a large GTPase related to dynamins, anchored to the mitochondrial cristae inner membrane, facing the intermembrane space. OPA1 haplo-insufficiency is responsible for the most common form of autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA, MIM165500), a neuropathy resulting from degeneration of the retinal ganglion cells and optic nerve atrophy. Here we(More)
Optic atrophy type 1 (OPA1, MIM 165500) is a dominantly inherited optic neuropathy that features low visual acuity leading in many cases to legal blindness. We have recently shown, with others, that mutations in the OPA1 gene encoding a dynamin-related mitochondrial protein, underlie the dominant form of optic atrophy. Here we report that OPA1 has eight(More)
Mutations in the OPA1 gene are associated with autosomal dominant optic atrophy. OPA1 encodes a dynamin-related protein orthologous to Msp1 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Mgm1p of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, both involved in mitochondrial morphology and genome maintenance. We present immuno-fluorescence and biochemical evidences showing that OPA1 resides in(More)
Nucleolin is a ubiquitous multifunctional protein involved in preribosome assembly and associated with both nucleolar chromatin in interphase and nucleolar organizer regions on metaphasic chromosomes in mitosis. Extensive nucleolin phosphorylation by a casein kinase (CKII) occurs on serine in growing cells. Here we report that while CKII phosphorylation is(More)
H ereditary optic atrophy is a generic term that refers to a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders for which several modes of inheritance have been described. The most common forms of optic atrophy are autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA, OMIM 165500) and Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON, OMIM 53500). ADOA, which generally starts in(More)
The heterozygous R445H mutation in OPA1 was found in five patients with optic atrophy and deafness. Audiometry suggested that the sensorineural deafness resulted from auditory neuropathy. Skin fibroblasts showed hyperfragmentation of the mitochondrial network, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, and adenosine triphosphate synthesis defect. In(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Human OPA1 (optic atrophy type 1) is a dynamin-related protein of the mitochondrial IMS (intermembrane space) involved in membrane fusion and remodelling. Similarly to its yeast orthologue Mgm1p that exists in two isoforms generated by the serine protease Pcp1p/Rbd1p, OPA1 exists in various isoforms generated by alternative splicing(More)
Dominant optic atrophy (DOA) is the most common form of inherited optic neuropathy. Although heterogeneous, a major locus has been mapped to chromosome 3q28 and the responsible gene, OPA1, was recently identified. OPA1 is a mitochondrial dynamin-related GTPase implicated in the formation and maintenance of the mitochondrial network. To date, 62 mutations(More)
Nucleolin [C23 or 100 kilodaltons (kDa)] is the major nucleolar phosphorylated protein in exponentially growing Chinese hamster ovary cells. A nucleolar cyclic nucleotide independent protein kinase copurified with nucleolin in a complex which could be dissociated by hydroxyapatite chromatography. The kinase was stimulated by spermine and inhibited by(More)