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Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is an important mediator of immune regulation, inflammation and joint destruction in arthritis. The objective of our study was to investigate the effect of a number of representative antirheumatic agents on the activity of IL-1 and the production of both IL-1 and IL-1 inhibitor by human monocytes. IL-1 activity and production were(More)
SigmaS, the stationary phase sigma factor of Escherichia coli and Salmonella, is regulated at multiple levels. The sigmaS protein is unstable during exponential growth and is stabilized during stationary phase and after various stress treatments. Degradation requires both the ClpXP protease and the adaptor RssB. The small antiadaptor protein IraP is made in(More)
Recently, IL-1 inhibitors from urine, monocytes, or monocyte lines have been described. The relationship of these inhibitors to the production, release, and immunological effects of IL-1 is unclear. The present studies were initiated to describe and quantitate the production of IL-1 and a 23 to 45-kDa IL-1 inhibitor from human monocytes in response to(More)
We consider the problem of minimizing the weighted number of tardy jobs on a single machine where each job is also subject to a deadline that cannot be violated. We propose an exact method based on a compact integer linear programming formulation of the problem and an effective reduction procedure, that allows to solve to optimality instances with up to(More)
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