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Bile salt export pump (BSEP) inhibition has been proposed to be an important mechanism for drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Modeling can prioritize knowledge gaps concerning bile acid (BA) homeostasis and thus help guide experimentation. A submodel of BA homeostasis in rats and humans was constructed within DILIsym, a mechanistic model of DILI. In vivo(More)
Entolimod (CBLB502) is a Toll-like receptor 5 agonist in development as a single-dose countermeasure against total body irradiation. Efficacy can be assessed from animal studies, but the "Animal Rule" does not apply to safety assessment. Marked elevations of serum aminotransferases (exceeding 1,000 IU/l) were observed in some human subjects receiving(More)
Tolcapone and entacapone are catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors developed as adjunct therapies for treating Parkinson's disease. While both drugs have been shown to cause mitochondrial dysfunction and inhibition of the bile salt export protein (BSEP), liver injury has only been associated with the use of tolcapone. Here we used a multiscale,(More)
MITOsym, a new mathematical model of hepatocellular respiration and bioenergetics, has been developed in partnership with the DILIsym® model with the purpose of translating in vitro compound screening data into predictions of drug induced liver injury (DILI) risk for patients. The combined efforts of these two models should increase the efficiency of(More)
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