P. B. Silverman

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Phencyclidine [(l-phenylcyclohexyl) piperidine] (PCP) is known to increase the basal efflux of striatal dopamine (DA) in vitro and to enhance haloperidol (HAL)-induced striatal DA metabolism in vivo. This study compared these activities of PCP to several representatives of the arylcyloalkylamine, benzomorphan and substituted dioxolane classes whose(More)
Rats were trained in a two-lever operant procedure to discriminate either 1.0 mg/kg (+)amphetamine or 1.5 mg/kg DOM from saline. Rats trained to discriminate DOM from saline showed generalization with the DOM training condition when tested with mescaline or 2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine (DOET), but not when tested with (+)amphetamine or methylphenidate.(More)
Rats lesioned in one substantia nigra were treated on three consecutive days with the nonselective dopamine agonist, apomorphine (0.05 mg kg-1), the selective D2 agonist, quinpirole (0.025, 0.05, or 0.2 mg kg-1) or the selective D1 agonist, SKF-38393 (2.0, 4.0 or 8.0 mg kg-1). Each of these compounds resulted in acute contralateral rotation which increased(More)
A partial blockade of the multiple actions of cocaine is one strategy by which cocaine dependence may be treated. Risperidone, a 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine D2 antagonist, is an atypical antipsychotic and was a candidate medication for the treatment of cocaine dependence. One hundred ninety-three cocaine-dependent subjects were enrolled in a 12-week,(More)
D-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (D-dopa) and L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa) induced circling in rats with a unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of substantia nigra with similar potency. D-Dopa is not a substrate for aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, the enzyme which metabolizes L-dopa to dopamine. This raises the question of how D-dopa has behavioral(More)
Rats with a unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of substantia nigra were treated with the dopamine agonists SKF-82958 (D1 receptor selective) or bromocriptine (D2 receptor-selective) and their circling response recorded. Both of the compounds induced an acute episode of rotation directed away from the lesioned side. Consecutive daily treatments with either(More)
6-MeOTHBC competes for 5-HT binding sites in rat brain in-vitro and in-vivo. The beta-carboline is significantly more active at the type 1 [3H]-5-HT, than the type 2 [3H]spiperone receptors, in-vitro. Following injection, 6-MeOTHBC significantly decreases [3H]-5-HT binding in the cortex. The ineffectiveness on [3H]spiperone binding in-vivo corresponds with(More)
Rats lesioned in one substantia nigra were treated daily with bromocriptine, SKF-77434 or cocaine and their rotational (circling) behavior was quantified. Within animal fluctuations in response to the direct-acting agonists were remarkable. In consecutive daily sessions individual animals completed from zero to hundreds or thousands of rotations. Every rat(More)
We conducted experiments investigating the role of altered cocaine distribution in behavioral sensitization. The first was designed to determine whether carry-over from one injection to the next occurs after acute cocaine administration. Female, Sprague-Dawley rats were administered 5 mg/kg 3H-cocaine and 24 h later were challenged with either 5 mg/kg(More)