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The adult male accessory glands of D. melanogaster synthesize and secrete a peptide that represses female sexual receptivity and stimulates oviposition. Normally, this peptide is transferred to females during copulation; however, the peptide shows the same biological activity after purification and subsequent injection into the abdominal cavity of female(More)
A 44 amino acid peptide with growth hormone-releasing activity has been isolated from a human tumor of the pancreas that had caused acromegaly. The primary structure of the tumor-derived peptide is H-Tyr-Ala-Asp-Ala-Ile-Phe-Thr-Asn-Ser-Tyr-Arg-Lys-Val-Leu-Gly-Gln-Leu-Ser-Ala- Arg-Lys-Leu-Leu-Gln-Asp-Ile-Met-Ser-Arg-Gln-Gln-Gly-Glu-Ser-Asn-Gln-Glu-Arg-Gly(More)
gamma-Acetylenic GABA and gamma-vinyl GABA, two catalytic irreversible inhibitors of GABA-transaminase, produce marked and sustained elevations in mouse brain GABA concentrations and protect DBA/2 mice against audiogenically induced seizures in a similar dose and time-dependent manner. The acetylenic analog also inhibits GAD activity while the vinyl(More)
Antibodies have been raised to a synthetic peptide corresponding to the C-terminal 15-amino acid residues of prodynorphin, the common precursor to the neo-endorphins and dynorphins. The amino acid sequence of the antigen was based on the sequence deduced from mRNA isolated and cloned from porcine hypothalamus (Kakidani, H., Y. Furutani, H. Takahashi, M.(More)
HBNF (heparin-binding neurite-promoting factor) and MK (midkine) are members of a newly recognized family of proteins, the expression of which is developmentally regulated. These proteins are expressed highest during fetal development in many tissues but they seem to be rather restricted to the brain in adult animals. Gene expression for these proteins is(More)
gamma-Acetylenic GABA (GAG, RMI 71.645), a potent irreversible inhibitor of gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase, was given orally in various dosage schedules to 14 patients with Huntington disease. The biochemical effects of the drug on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and the GABA-containing dipeptide,(More)
We have isolated form extracts of ovine hypothalami two molecules characterized as somatostatin-28 and somatostatin-4-28 (referred to as somatostatin-25). They were reproduced by solid hase synthesis. In equimolar ratio and depending upon the experimental conditions, synthetic somatostatin-28 ans somatostatin-25 are 3-14 times more potent than(More)