P Antonio Tataranni

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The sensory experience of food is a primary reinforcer of eating and overeating plays a major role in the development of human obesity. However, whether the sensory experience of a forthcoming meal and the associated physiological phenomena (cephalic phase response, expectation of reward), which prepare the organism for the ingestion of food play a role in(More)
The hypothalamus has a major role in the control of food intake. However, neurotracing studies have shown that the hypothalamus receives input from several other regions of the brain that are likely to modulate its activity. Of particular interest to the understanding of human eating behavior is the possible involvement of the cortex. Using positron(More)
Adiponectin is a collagen-like circulating protein secreted by adipocytes that is proposed to mediate obesity-related resistance to insulin. In a case-control series, we assessed the role of adiponectin in later development of type 2 diabetes in 70 patients who later developed type 2 diabetes and 70 controls, matched for body-mass index, age, and sex. Cases(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes is affected by genetics and environmental factors. We aimed to assess the effect of an in-utero diabetic environment independently of the genetic background for type 2 diabetes. METHODS We measured insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion in response to oral and intravenous glucose in 15 non-diabetic adult offspring of mothers(More)
We used positron emission tomographic scanning of the brain and measures of regional cerebral blood flow to investigate the response of 44 right-handed people to the oral administration of 2 ml of a liquid formula meal after a 36 h fast (and shortly before the administration of a satiating amount of the same meal). Several areas of the left hemisphere were(More)
Obesity is a multifactorial disease associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, cancer, and consequently, with a reduced length of life. Metabolic phenotypes of reduced energy expenditure have been associated with weight gain, but their contribution has been estimated to be relatively small. On the other hand, excessive(More)
BACKGROUND Stair climbing helps to accumulate short bouts of physical activity throughout the day as a strategy for attaining recommended physical activity levels. There exists a need for effective long-term stair-climbing interventions that can be transferred to various worksite settings. The aims of this study were: 1) to evaluate short- and long-term(More)
BACKGROUND Sex differences in eating behavior are well documented, but it is not known whether these differences have neuroanatomical correlates. Recent neuroimaging studies have provided functional maps of the human cerebral areas activated in response to hunger and satiation. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess whether the brain's(More)
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