P. Andrew Scott

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We have found that brefeldin A (BFA) inhibited the growth of an ise1 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetic complementation and mapping studies demonstrated that ise1 was allelic to erg6, a gene required for the biosynthesis of the principal membrane sterol of yeast, ergosterol. Treatment of ise1 cells with BFA resulted in an immediate block in protein(More)
Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from the existing vasculature. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelium-specific angiogenic factor strongly implicated in pathological angiogenesis. In this study, the mRNA and protein expression of the four alternatively spliced VEGF isoforms (121, 165, 189 and 206 amino acids) were(More)
A significant reduction in challenge worm survival occurred when BALB/cBYJ mice were vaccinated against Onchocerca volvulus infective third stage larvae (L3) by using irradiated O. volvulus L3. Challenge infections consisted of L3 implanted in diffusion chambers, which were used as a means to contain, and thus efficiently recover, the larvae from the host.(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the role of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (Fru 2,6-P2) during photosynthesis. The level of Fru 2,6-P2 in tobacco plants was elevated by the introduction of a modified mammalian gene encoding 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (6-PF-2-K). Estimates of the metabolite control coefficient (C) for Fru 2,6-P2 levels in response to(More)
The goal of the present study was to determine if immune-mediated killing of S. stercoralis L3 in mice could be modulated by shifting from a Th-2 to a Th-1 type immune response. L3 killing in immunized mice was ablated in CD4+ T cell-depleted animals, but not in CD8+ T cell-depleted or beta 2-microglobulin-deficient mice. Treatment of immunized mice with(More)
Iodoacetic acid (IAA) induces photoreceptor (PR) degeneration in small animal models, however, eye size and anatomic differences detract from the usefulness of these models for studying retinal rescue strategies intended for humans. Porcine eyes are closer in size to human eyes and have a rich supply of rod and cones. This study investigated whether IAA(More)