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Soya-based infant formulas (SIF) containing soya flour were introduced almost 100 years ago. Modern soya formulas are used in allergy/intolerance to cows' milk-based formulas (CMF), post-infectious diarrhoea, lactose intolerance and galactosaemia, as a vegan human milk (HM) substitute, etc. The safety of SIF is still debated. In the present study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that the gastrointestinal tolerance of a new infant formula equals or exceeds the tolerance of other milk-based infant formulas and compared the tolerance of this new formula with that of human milk. METHODS This prospective, phase IV, open-label study was conducted in 17 countries. Healthy, full-term infants, 28 to 98 d(More)
UNLABELLED Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as constipation, regurgitation and infant colic, occur in about half of infants. These symptoms are often functional, but they may also be caused by cow's milk protein allergy. We developed three algorithms for formula-fed infants, which are consensus rather than evidence-based due to the limited research available(More)
Since 1943, cases of sensitization or allergy to soy-based formulas (SBFs) have been described without any consensus on their real prevalence. We identified the adjusted prevalence of IgE-mediated soy allergies in children and performed a secondary analysis of the impact of age (less than and more than 6 months). We performed a systematic review with(More)
The objective of this study was to analyze the nutritional quality and viscosity of blenderized enteral tube feedings (BTFs) from four hospitals in the Philippines. Samples of two different BTFs (one standard and one modified) were collected from each hospital on three separate occasions and analyzed for macronutrients, micronutrients, and viscosity. There(More)
A randomized clinical trial was completed to study the severity, duration, and nutritional outcome of acute diarrhea in 85 Peruvian children between 5 and 24 months of age who received a soy-protein-isolate, lactose-free formula (group SF) or one of two mixtures of home-available foods, all in amounts up to 110 kcal/kg of body weight/day. The mixed diets(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the effects of an infant formula fortified with nucleotides (NF) with those of a control formula (CF) on the incidence of diarrhea, respiratory tract infections (RTIs), and immune responses in healthy term infants. METHODS This 12-month, double-blind study was conducted on 1- to 7-day-old infants randomized(More)
We read with interest the article “Procalcitonin as a marker of acute pyelonephritis in children” [1]. However, we could not find the description of the methodology utilized to select the cut-off points [procalcitonin (PCT) 0.5 μg/l, C-reactive protein (CRP) 20 mg/l] used for the calculation of sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value. We then(More)
The control of arthropod vectors of pathogens that affect human and animal health is important for the eradication of vector-borne diseases. Recent evidences showed a reduction in the survival and/or fertility of mosquitoes, sand flies and poultry red mites fed in vitro with antibodies against the recombinant Aedes albopictus akirin. These experiments were(More)
The interaction between malnutrition and exposure to a mucosal damaging agent, difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), was examined by monitoring the small-intestinal changes in weanling rats. Malnutrition as induced by the expanded-litter method resulted in severe reduction in body weights in the expanded litters as compared to normal litters. Subsequent treatment(More)