Schizotypal patients were found to have a significantly higher mean plasma HVA concentration than normal comparison subjects. Furthermore, plasma HVA concentration positively correlated with "psychotic-like" schizotypal symptoms. These results implicate dopaminergic mechanisms modulating the psychotic-like symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder.
1. Several lines of evidence suggest that abnormalities of central dopaminergic transmission may be involved in the expression of some schizophrenic symptoms. However, elucidation of the role of dopamine (DA) in schizophrenia has eluded investigative efforts partially because no accurate and easily repeatable measure of brain DA activity exists. 2. The… (More)
This survey analyses the evidence that has led to the belief that the catalytic role of 17-hydroxylase in the biosynthesis of cortisol, estradiol, testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone is confined to two chemical reactions: pregnenolone-->17-hydroxypregnenolone-->dehydroepiandrosterone. This analysis suggests that the evidence supporting this view is not… (More)
OBJECTIVE Prolactin is a neurohormone that may be secreted in response to stress and also has regulatory effects on the immune system. Some, but not all, studies suggest that prolactin levels are higher than normal in persons with HIV infection. The authors measured prolactin levels in HIV-positive and HIV-negative homosexual and bisexual men to assess… (More)