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Abnormalities in fasting lipid and lipoprotein levels are known to occur in obesity and other hyperinsulinemic states. However, postprandial lipoprotein metabolism has not been studied systematically in obese subjects using sensitive techniques to distinguish between triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particles derived from the intestine and the liver. In the(More)
Rabbit 125I-labelled low density lipoproteins (LDL) were incubated with primary monolayer cultures of rabbit hepatocytes in studies designed to assess the role of liver in LDL catabolism at the cellular level. After hepatocytes were preincubated for 20 h in lipoprotein-free medium, they exhibited time- and concentration-dependent interaction with(More)
In this article we examine the production of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) by perfused livers obtained from chow- and cholesterol-fed nonhuman primates. These data illustrate two important features of VLDL production. First, VLDL is secreted from the liver in a form very close to that of its plasma counterpart. Thus for chow-fed animals, plasma VLDL(More)
Primary cultures of rabbit hepatocytes were incubated with rabbit high density (HDL) and low density (LDL) lipoproteins in order to compare the surface transfer of free cholesterol with the uptake of apoproteins. Hepatocytes were maintained for various intervals with either LDL or HDL which contained both 125I-labeled protein and free [4-14C]cholesterol.(More)
This study examined plasma lipids and lipoproteins of rhesus monkeys fed fish oil incorporated into a highly atherogenic diet containing saturated fat and cholesterol. The animals were fed diets containing 2% cholesterol and either 25% coconut oil (group I), 25% fish oil/coconut oil (1:1; group II), or 25% fish oil/coconut oil (3:1; group III) for 12 months(More)
The livers of both baboons and rhesus monkeys fed a high fat, high cholesterol diet secreted very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) that were enriched in cholesteryl ester and apoe as compared to VLDL secreted by the livers of chow-fed animals. Stimulation of macrophage cholesterol esterification by the experimental VLDL was compared to that produced by the(More)
Primary cultures of rabbit hepatocytes which were preincubated for 20 h in a medium containing lipoprotein-deficient serum subsequently bound, internalized and degraded 125I-labeled high-density lipoproteins2 (HDL2). The rate of degradation of HDL2 was constant in incubations from 3 to 25 h. As the concentration of HDL2 in the incubation medium was(More)
In this article, we consider the role of apoprotein E in lipoprotein metabolism and especially in the metabolism of potentially atherogenic lipoproteins. Particular consideration has been given to three features of apoprotein E involvement in lipid cell interactions. Evidence implicating free cholesterol as a mediator of apoprotein E biosynthesis in(More)
Low density lipoprotein apoproteins from squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) had characteristic 2-phase die-away curves in plasma. The kinetic constants were similar with three methods of labeling: in vitro with 125I by the iodine monochloride or the Bolton-Hunter methods or in vivo by the injection of [3H]-leucine into a donor animal. Dietary cholesterol(More)