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Overexpression of agouti-related peptide (AgRP), an endogenous melanocortin (MC) 3 and 4 receptor antagonist (MC3/4-R), causes obesity. Exogenous AgRP-(83---132) increases food intake, but its duration and mode of action are unknown. We report herein that doses as low as 10 pmol can have a potent effect on food intake of rats over a 24-h period after(More)
Studies using nonselective agonists and antagonists of melanocortin-3 receptor (MC3R) and MC4R point to the importance of the CNS melanocortin system in the control of food intake. We describe here a novel compound that is highly selective as an agonist at the MC4 receptor but has minimal activity at the MC3 receptor. When administered centrally to rats,(More)
Amylin is a 37-amino acid peptide hormone that is co-secreted with insulin by pancreatic beta cells in response to feeding. We recently reported that amylin potently reduces food intake, body weight, and adiposity when delivered into the 3rd cerebral ventricle (i3vt) of rats. We have now infused i3vt a specific antagonist (AC187) to ascertain the(More)
Agouti-related peptide (AgRP) is a receptor antagonist of central nervous system (CNS) melanocortin receptors and appears to have an important role in the control of food intake since exogenous CNS administration in rats and overexpression in mice result in profound hyperphagia and weight gain. Given that AgRP is heavily colocalized with neuropeptide Y(More)
The voluntary suppression of food intake that accompanies involuntary overfeeding is an effective regulatory response to positive energy balance. Because the pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived melanocortin system in the hypothalamus promotes anorexia and weight loss and is an important mediator of energy regulation, we hypothesized that it may contribute(More)
Peripheral administration of large doses of lithium chloride (LiCl) to rats causes a spectrum of effects that are consistent with visceral illness. LiCl reduces food intake, decreases salt ingestion after sodium depletion, induces pica, and produces robust conditioned taste aversions. Because some of the effects of peripheral LiCl are mimicked by centrally(More)
The teleost salmon calcitonin (sCT), but not mammalian CT, shows similar biologic actions in the skeletal muscle as amylin and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). The peptides have also been shown to reduce food intake in rams. Because sCT, but not amylin, binds irreversibly to amylin binding sites, the aim of the present study was to compare the(More)
OBJECTIVE: Neurons in the area postrema/nucleus of the solitary tract (AP/NTS) region mediate amylin's anorectic effect elicited by a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of a low dose (5 μg/kg). Here, we tested if a sustained elevation in amylin levels which was achieved by chronic amylin infusion reduces food intake by acting in the AP/NTS region or,(More)
This experiment examined the effects of phenylpropanolamine (0.0, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0 mg/kg PPA) on regulatory (RG) and nonregulatory (NRG) eating and drinking in rats using a within-subjects design. Administration of PPA produced dose-dependent reductions in eating in animals deprived to 80-85% of baseline weight, and reduced drinking after 23.5-h of water(More)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a potent regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and reduces food intake when administered into the third cerebral ventricle (i3vt). However, CRH also promotes conditioned taste aversion (CTA) learning which indicates that its anorectic effects are accompanied by aversive consequences that would reduce(More)