P. A. Michels

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Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful and(More)
In trypanosomes the first part of glycolysis takes place in specialized microbodies, the glycosomes. Most glycolytic enzymes of Trypanosoma brucei have been purified and characterized kinetically. In this paper a mathematical model of glycolysis in the bloodstream form of this organism is developed on the basis of all available kinetic data. The fluxes and(More)
On the basis of the experimentally determined kinetic properties of the trypanosomal enzymes, the question is addressed of which step limits the glycolytic flux in bloodstream form Trypanosoma brucei. There appeared to be no single answer; in the physiological range, control shifted between the glucose transporter on the one hand and aldolase (ALD),(More)
The energy metabolism of Trypanosomatidae has been the subject of many reviews during the past decade. In recent years, however, new data have led to a more complete picture of trypanosomatid metabolism and a reappraisal of the role of some characteristic organelles in the energy supply of these parasites. For years, the glycosome was thought to be a(More)
Unlike in other organisms, in trypanosomes and other Kinetoplastida the larger part of glycolysis takes place in a specialized organelle, called the glycosome. At present it is impossible to remove the glycosome without changing much of the rest of the cell. It would seem impossible, therefore, to assess the metabolic consequences of this compartmentation.(More)
Kinetoplastid protozoa compartmentalize the first seven enzymes of glycolysis and two enzymes of glycerol metabolism in a microbody, the glycosome. While in its mammalian host, Trypanosoma brucei depends entirely on glucose for ATP generation. Under aerobic conditions, most of the glucose is metabolized to pyruvate. Aerobic metabolism depends on the(More)
Glycolysis occupies a central role in cellular metabolism, and is of particular importance for the catabolic production of ATP in protozoan parasites such as Leishmania and Trypanosoma. In these organisms pyruvate kinase plays a key regulatory role, and is unique in responding to fructose 2,6-bisphosphate as allosteric activator. The determination of the(More)
In the protozoan kinetoplastid organism Trypanoplasma borreli, phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) activity was found in two different cell compartments: 80% in the cytosol and 20% in peroxisome-like organelles called glycosomes. However, only one functional pgk gene could be detected, in addition to a pseudo-pgk gene. No short-range linkage could be established(More)
Genomic or cDNA clones for the glycolytic enzyme enolase were isolated from the amitochondriate pelobiont Mastigamoeba balamuthi, from the kinetoplastid Trypanosoma brucei, and from the euglenid Euglena gracilis. Clones for the cytosolic enzyme were found in all three organisms, whereas Euglena was found to also express mRNA for a second isoenzyme that(More)