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A subset of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been shown to preferentially reduce the secretion of the highly amyloidogenic, 42-residue amyloid-beta peptide Abeta42. We found that Rho and its effector, Rho-associated kinase, preferentially regulated the amount of Abeta42 produced in vitro and that only those NSAIDs effective as Rho(More)
The amyloid proteins isolated from neuritic plaques and the cerebrovasculature of Alzheimer's disease are self-aggregating moieties termed A4 protein and beta-protein, respectively. A putative A4 amyloid precursor (herein termed A4(695] has been characterized by analysis of a human brain complementary DNA. We report here the sequence of a closely related(More)
This study was undertaken to localize amyloid precursor protein (APP) and to determine how APP might be released and proteolyzed to yield the beta-amyloid protein deposits found in senile plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients. We found that antibodies to recombinantly expressed APP labeled many normal neurons and neurites. In addition,(More)
Senile plaques are polymorphous beta-amyloid protein deposits found in the brain in Alzheimer disease and normal aging. This beta-amyloid protein is derived from a larger precursor molecule of which neurons are the principal producers in brain. We found that amyloid precursor protein (APP)-immunoreactive neurites were involved in senile plaques and that(More)
The authors have previously shown that amyloid precursor protein (APP) accumulates in neurites present in senile plaques of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this ultrastructural immunocytochemical study, we describe the subcellular site of APP accumulation. Vibratome sections of glutaraldehyde-paraformaldehyde fixed hippocampi from five cases of AD were(More)
The phosphorylation status of amyloid precursor protein (APP) at Thr668 is suggested to play a critical role in the proteolytic cleavage of APP, which generates either soluble APP(beta) (sAPP(beta)) and beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta), the major component of senile plaques in patient brains inflicted with Alzheimer's disease (AD), or soluble APP(alpha)(More)
Beta-amyloid peptides (Abeta) are produced by a sequential cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta- and gamma-secretases. The lack of Abeta production in beta-APP cleaving enzyme (BACE1)(-/-) mice suggests that BACE1 is the principal beta-secretase in mammalian neurons. Transfection of human APP and BACE1 into neurons derived from wild-type and(More)
The baculovirus expression system was used to generate recombinant Alzheimer's amyloid precursor (AAP) proteins. Recombinant baculoviruses were constructed, designed to express full-length 695-, 751-, and 770-amino acid forms. Recombinant baculoviruses designed for constitutive secretion were engineered by placing a termination codon between the(More)
In an attempt to generate transgenic mice modeling Alzheimer-type amyloidogenesis, the COOH-terminal 103 residue human APP segment was expressed in brain regions known to be vulnerable in AD. Transfected cells overexpressing this transgene were previously shown to develop intracytoplasmic inclusions that were immunoreactive with antibodies to the APP(More)
The nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM) was examined using immunocytochemistry for beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta APP) expression in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In mild AD cases, light labeling of the cell body and proximal processes was observed, and small intracellular structures were labeled rarely. In the more severe cases, intense cytoplasmic beta APP(More)