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LIGHTNING is a dynamically reconfigurable WDM network testbed project for supercomputer interconnection. This paper describes a hierarchical WDM-based optical network testbed project that is being constructed to interconnect a large number of supercomputers and create a distributed shared memory environment. The objective of the hierarchical architecture is(More)
It has recently been reported that by using a spectral-tuning algorithm, the photocurrents of multiple detectors with spectrally overlapping responsivities can be optimally combined to synthesize, within certain limits, the response of a detector with an arbitrary responsivity. However, it is known that the presence of noise in the photocurrent can degrade(More)
Spectrally tunable quantum-dot infrared photodetectors (QDIPs) can be used to approximate multiple spectral responses with the same focal-plane array. Hence, they exhibit the potential for real time adaptive detection/classification. In the present study, it is shown that we can perform the detection/classification operation at the adaptive focal-plane(More)
The theoretical diffraction efficiency upper limit of diffractive phase elements (DPE's) with finite apertures is investigated. A successful numerical method of evaluating the efficiency upper bound of DPE's is proposed. The method includes a hybrid optimization procedure that combines a genetic algorithm with the conjugate gradient method. This efficient(More)
Spatial variables in the geosciences often display different patterns of variability at different spatial scales. When these variables are cross-correlated, the magnitude of the cross-correlation may differ at the different scales of spatial variability. This scale-dependent spatial variability and cross-correlation can be investigated by geostatistical(More)
A standard protocol for the yellow-green-2 (yg2) forward mutation assay in Zea mays is proposed. A detailed calibration of the assay using 137Cs gamma rays and ethylmethanesulfonate (EMS) was conducted. Gamma ray-induced mutant sectors in leaves 4 and 5 exhibited one-hit kinetics. The radiation doses ranged from 25 to 500 rads. The mean induced mutation(More)
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