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There is convincing evidence that cellular prooxidant states--that is, increased concentrations of active oxygen and organic peroxides and radicals--can promote initiated cells to neoplastic growth. Prooxidant states can be caused by different classes of agents, including hyperbaric oxygen, radiation, xenobiotic metabolites and Fenton-type reagents,(More)
In this study, several neuropeptides were identified by immunohistochemistry in neuroendocrine cells (NEC) located in the gut epithelium and nerve cell bodies of the enteric nervous system of pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis, a species that is a promising candidate for intensive aquaculture. The neuropeptides involved in orexigenic or anorexigenic action,(More)
Fifty-eight percent of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) from Qidong, China, contain an AGG to AGT mutation at codon 249 of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, a mutation that is rarely seen in HCCs from Western countries. The population of Qidong is exposed to high levels of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), a fungal toxin that has been shown to induce the same mutation in(More)
Oxidant carcinogens interact with multiple cellular targets including membranes, proteins, and nucleic acids. They cause structural damage to DNA and have the potential to mutate cancer-related genes. At the same time, oxidants activate signal transduction pathways and alter the expression of growth- and differentiation-related genes. Indeed, the(More)
Oxidants are ubiquitous in our aerobic environment. While they are always toxic, they can also exert pathophysiological effects at low concentrations and play an etiological role in human disease. For example, oxidants can stimulate cell growth and act as tumor promoters. The cellular antioxidant defense system attenuates the effect of oxidants and consists(More)
Oxidative stress may play an important role in the carcinogenic action of UVB light (290 to 320 nm). UVB light induces the growth-related immediate-early gene c-fos in JB6 mouse epidermal cells, but at the same time it causes structural damage to DNA, in particular DNA strand breakage. We have studied the effect of the modulation of the frequencies of DNA(More)