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11 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11 beta-HSD1) has been proposed as a new target for type 2 diabetes drugs. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of inhibition of 11 beta-HSD1 on blood glucose levels, glucose tolerance, and insulin sensitivity in mouse models of type 2 diabetes. BVT.2733 is an isoform-selective inhibitor of(More)
Abstract Aims/hypothesis. Current pharmacological treatments for Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus have various limitations. New treatments are needed to reduce long-term risks for diabetic complications and mortality. We tested a new principle for lowering blood glucose. It is well known that glucocorticoids in excess cause glucose(More)
1. The following experiments were carried out to investigate the presence and type of functional presynaptic receptors in adrenergic nerves of the guinea-pig urethra. 2. The urethra from male guinea-pigs was incubated with [3H]-noradrenaline and superfused with Tyrode solution in vitro. The fractional secretion of [3H]-noradrenaline evoked by 300 electrical(More)
Novel antidiabetic arylsulfonamidothiazoles are presented that exert action through selective inhibition of the 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) enzyme, thereby attenuating hepatic gluconeogenesis. The diethylamide derivative 2a was shown to potently inhibit human 11beta-HSD1 (IC(50) = 52 nM), whereas the N-methylpiperazinamide(More)
The effects of 3′,5′-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors and of 8-Br 3′,5′-cyclic nucleotide analogs on nerve-muscle transmission were studied in the guinea-pig vas deferens preincubated with 3H-noradrenaline. 8-Br cyclic AMP and the PDE inhibitors 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) and 3-propionyl-4-hydrazinopyrazolopyridine (SQ 20006)(More)
  • P Alberts
  • 1982
The muscarinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor from rat brain has been partially purified and characterized. The molecular weight of the smallest subunit of the receptor protein obtained by a chaotropic agent is 30,000 dalton, while the protein found in sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gels has a molecular weight of 80,000 dalton. The isoelectric point(More)
BACKGROUND In rodents, the enzyme 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) converts inactive 11-dehydrocorticosterone (DHC) into active corticosterone. The mRNA and activity of 11beta-HSD1 have been shown to be present in batch-incubated pancreatic islets from the ob/ob mouse. In other tissues, 11beta-HSD1 expression has been demonstrated to(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims were to compare the temperature dependence of the metabolic rate in young ob/ob mice with that in mature ob/ob and db/db mice and to examine the effect on the metabolic substrate preference of leptin and etomoxir in ob/ob, C57BL/6J (wild-type), and db/db mice. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES In vivo oxygen consumption and carbon(More)
The need for treatment of obesity and obesity-related diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, has been intensified by the epidemic rise of obesity. Recent advances make possible continuous monitoring of metabolically relevant functions in animals to identify novel thermogenic and anorectic compounds. This unit describes non-invasive in vivo calorimetric(More)