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The behaviour of mobile counterions, Na+ and K+, was analysed around a B-DNA double helix with the sequence CCATGCGCTGAC in aqueous solution during two 50 ns long molecular dynamics trajectories. The movement of both monovalent ions remains diffusive in the presence of DNA. Ions sample the complete space available during the simulation time, although(More)
Natively unfolded proteins present a challenge for structure determination because they populate highly heterogeneous ensembles of conformations. A useful source of structural information about these states is provided by paramagnetic relaxation enhancement measurements by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, from which long-range interatomic distances(More)
Aldose reductase (ALR2) has received considerable attention due to its possible link to long-term diabetic complications. Although crystal structures and kinetic data reveal important aspects of the reaction mechanism, details of the catalytic step are still unclear. In this paper a computer simulation study is presented that utilizes the hybrid quantum(More)
Guanine-rich DNA sequences with the ability to form quadruplex structures are enriched in the promoter regions of protein-coding genes, particularly those of proto-oncogenes. G-quadruplexes are structurally polymorphic and their folding topologies can depend on the sample conditions. We report here on a structural study using solution state NMR spectroscopy(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations including water and counterions on B-DNA oligomers containing all 136 unique tetranucleotide basepair steps are reported. The objective is to obtain the calculated dynamical structure for at least two copies of each case, use the results to examine issues with regard to convergence and dynamical stability of MD on DNA,(More)
While reliable procedures for determining the conformations of proteins are available, methods for generating ensembles of structures that also reflect their flexibility are much less well established. Here we present a systematic assessment of the ability of ensemble-averaged molecular dynamics simulations with ensemble-averaged NMR restraints to(More)
Ab initio QM/MM dynamics simulation is employed to examine the stability of the tetrahedral intermediate during the deacylation step in elastase-catalyzed hydrolysis of a simple peptide. An extended quantum region includes the catalytic triad, the tetrahedral structure, and the oxyanion hole. The calculations indicate that the tetrahedral intermediate of(More)
We describe herein a computationally intensive project aimed at carrying out molecular dynamics (MD) simulations including water and counterions on B-DNA oligomers containing all 136 unique tetranucleotide base sequences. This initiative was undertaken by an international collaborative effort involving nine research groups, the "Ascona B-DNA Consortium"(More)
In the crystal structures of protein complexes with B-DNA, alpha and gamma DNA backbone torsion angles often exhibit non-canonical values. It is not known if these alternative backbone conformations are easily accessible in solution and can contribute to the specific recognition of DNA by proteins. We have analysed the coupled transition of the alpha and(More)
The conformational pathways and the free energy variations for base opening into the major and minor grooves of a B-DNA duplex are studied using umbrella sampling molecular dynamics simulations. We compare both GC and AT base pair opening within a double-stranded d(GAGAGAGAGAGAG)* d(CTCTCTCTCTCTC) oligomer, and we are also able to study the impact of(More)