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Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide with well-known cytoprotective effects. We have reported earlier that PACAP decreases mortality and the degree of tubular atrophy in a rat model of renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. Recently, we have shown that kidney cultures isolated from PACAP deficient mice show increased(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a widespread neuropeptide with a diverse array of biological functions. Not surprisingly, the lack of endogenous PACAP therefore results in a variety of abnormalities. One of the important effects of PACAP is its neuroprotective and general cytoprotective role. PACAP protects neurons and other(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide with highly efficient cytoprotective actions. Its neuroprotective effects are well-known, but PACAP is able to exert similar actions in non-neuronal cells. Recently, we have shown that PACAP prolongs renal ischemic time, decreases mortality, and attenuates tubular degeneration in a(More)
PACAP (pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide) occurs in two biologically active forms, with 38 and 37 amino acid residues (PACAP38 and PACAP27). In mammalian tissues, PACAP38 is the dominant form. Diverse effects have been described in the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and urogenital systems. PACAP is known for its strong(More)
BACKGROUND FTY720 is a novel immunomodulator that was developed to produce optimal graft protection with improved safety and tolerability. Phase II studies have demonstrated the efficacy of FTY720 up to the doses of 2.5 mg with full-dose cyclosporine (FDC). METHODS This multicenter, double-blind, Phase IIb, randomized study evaluated the safety and(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) occurs and exerts a variety of biological functions in the nervous system and in the peripheral organs, including the urinary system. PACAP has protective effects against myeloma kidney injury and renal ischemia. Ischemia/reperfusion injury of the kidney is a major clinical problem, and based on the(More)
Oxidative stress plays an important role in various renal and hepatic pathologies, and reduction of oxidative stress-induced processes is an important protective strategy in tissues of diverse origins against harmful stimuli. Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a well-known cytotrophic and cytoprotective peptide. PACAP promotes(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a multifunctional neuropeptide, showing widespread occurrence in the nervous system and also in peripheral organs. The neuroprotective effects of PACAP are well-established in different neuronal systems against noxious stimuli in vitro and in vivo. Recently, its general cytoprotective actions(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a widespread neuropeptide with diverse effects in the nervous system and peripheral organs. One of the most well-studied effects of PACAP is its cytoprotective action, against different harmful stimuli in a wide variety of cells and tissues. PACAP occurs in the urinary system, from the kidney to(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP), a multifunctional neuropeptide, has 2 active forms, PACAP38 and PACAP27. It is now well-established that PACAP has several actions also in peripheral organs, including renoprotective effects. The peptide itself has not been previously identified in the rat kidney. The first aim of our study was to(More)