Péter Krajcsi

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ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporters form a special family of membrane proteins, characterized by homologous ATP-binding, and large, multispanning transmembrane domains. Several members of this family are primary active transporters, which significantly modulate the absorption, metabolism, cellular effectivity and toxicity of pharmacological agents. This(More)
ABCG2, a transporter of the ATP-binding cassette family, is known to play a prominent role in the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of xenobiotics. Drug-transporter interactions are commonly screened by high-throughput systems using transfected insect and/or human cell lines. The determination of ABCG2-ATPase activity is one method to(More)
Ivermectin is a potent antiparasitic drug from macrocyclic lactone (ML) family, which interacts with the ABC multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp). We studied the interactions of ivermectin with the multidrug resistance proteins (MRPs) by combining cellular and subcellular approaches. The inhibition by ivermectin of substrate transport was measured in(More)
ABCC2/Abcc2 (MRP2/Mrp2) is expressed at major physiological barriers, such as the canalicular membrane of liver cells, kidney proximal tubule epithelial cells, enterocytes of the small and large intestine, and syncytiotrophoblast of the placenta. ABCC2/Abcc2 always localizes in the apical membranes. Although ABCC2/Abcc2 transports a variety of amphiphilic(More)
We tested the hypothesis whether data on ABCB1 ATPase activity and passive permeability can be used in combination to identify ABCB1 substrates and inhibitors. We determined passive permeability using an artificial membrane permeability assay (HDM-PAMPA) and ABCB1 function, i.e., vanadate-sensitive ATPase activity for a training set (40 INN drugs) and a(More)
MRP2 (ABCC2) is an efflux transporter expressed on the apical membrane of polarized cells. This protein has a major role in the biliary elimination of toxic compounds from the liver. As MRP2 transports many endogenous compounds, including LTC4 as well as xenobiotics and toxic phase II metabolites, blockade of this transporter may cause the accumulation of(More)
Bile salt export pump (BSEP, ABC11) is a membrane protein that is localized in the cholesterol-rich canalicular membrane of hepatocytes. Its function is to eliminate unconjugated and conjugated bile acids/salts from hepatocyte into the bile. In humans there is no compensatory mechanism for the loss of this transporter. Mutations of BSEP result in a genetic(More)
BACKGROUND The last 15 years have marked an expansion in our understanding of how ABC transporters modulate the pharmacokinetic properties of drugs. Assays based on different membrane preparations were one of the first methods developed to study ABC transporters. Later, they turned out to be valuable tools to gain insight into the nature of drug-ABC(More)
The efflux transporter responsible for the canalicular elimination of bile salts from the hepatocytes is the bile salt export pump (BSEP, ABCB11). Absence or inhibition of this transporter leads to bile salt retention in the hepatocyte and in turn can lead to cholestatic liver disease. We expressed the BSEP/Bsep protein from three species (human, rat, and(More)
The pharmacokinetics of sulfasalazine, an anti-inflammatory drug is influenced by ATP-binding cassette G2 (ABCG2) (breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), mitoxantrone resistance protein (MXR)) both in vitro and clinically. Due to its low passive permeability, the intracellular concentration of sulfasalazine is dependent on uptake transporters, rendering(More)