Péter Elek

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We examine the tail behaviour and extremal cluster characteristics of two-state Markov-switching autoregressive models where the first regime behaves like a random walk, the second regime is a stationary autoregression, and the generating noise is light-tailed. Under additional technical conditions we prove that the stationary solution has asymptotically(More)
In 2010-2012, new outpatient service locations were established in Hungarian micro-regions, which had lacked such capacities before. We exploit this quasi-experiment to estimate the effect of geographical accessibility on outpatient case numbers using both individual-level and semi-aggregate panel data. We find a 24-27 per cent increase of case numbers as a(More)
External price referencing (EPR) is applied more and more frequently worldwide by payers to control pharmaceutical prices. Together with the parallel trade of pharmaceuticals, EPR may result in lower pharmaceutical prices in higher-income countries and higher prices in lower-income countries, which implies that pharmaceutical expenditure grows more rapidly(More)
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