Péter Antal-Szalmás

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Several disorders are known to be associated with altered Thelper1/Thelper2 (T(H)1/T(H)2) cytokine balance. Psoriasis is characterized by increased systemic and local production of T(H)1 and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore recent data indicate the dominant presence of T(H)1 lymphocytes in the circulation and T(H)1 and Tcytotoxic1 (T(C)1) cells in(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial infections are common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis. The early diagnosis of these infections is rather difficult. AIMS To assess the accuracy of acute phase proteins in the identification of bacterial infections. METHODS Concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT),(More)
BACKGROUND In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), enhanced inflammatory activity in the gut is thought to increase the risk of bacterial translocation and endotoxemia. In the present study we investigated the association between serum level of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), soluble CD14 (sCD14), and clinical disease activity, high-sensitivity(More)
We used rough lipopolysaccharide (ReLPS) to construct a fluorescein-labeled LPS (FITC-LPS) with a very high labeling efficiency that bound to isolated human monocytes in a CD14-dependent fashion and that in this respect behaved indistinctively from native LPS. The CD14-dependent binding could be inhibited either by a 1,000-fold excess of unlabeled LPS or by(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the intracellular and soluble cytokine levels and T cell subsets in peripheral blood of patients with active and inactive polymyositis and dermatomyositis. METHODS The frequencies of T and B lymphocytes, T helper (Th), and T cytotoxic (Tc) cells and of interferon gamma (IFNgamma), interleukin (IL)4, and IL10 expression of CD4+ or(More)
Vascular calcification plays a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease. Human aortic smooth muscle cells (HSMCs) undergo mineralization in response to elevated levels of inorganic phosphate (Pi) in an active and well-regulated process. This process involves increased activity of alkaline phosphatase and increased(More)
An extensive search for the cell membrane targets for lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major causative agent of Gram-negative septic shock, resulted in the identification of CD14 as the major endotoxin 'receptor'. Besides recognition of LPS, several new aspects of its biological functions have been described recently. In this review the different CD14 forms,(More)
Peroxynitrite is a cytotoxic oxidant produced during shock, ischemia reperfusion, and inflammation. The cellular events mediating the cytotoxic effect of peroxynitrite include activation of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase, inhibition of mitochondrial respiration, and activation of caspase-3. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of(More)
BACKGROUND Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) has recently become an available tumour biomarker for detecting ovarian cancer along with the standard cancer antigen 125 (CA125). However, it is unknown if the levels of HE4 and CA125 may be altered in subjects who have impaired renal function with no ovarian disorders. METHODS In 113 female patients at(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are a non-uniform family of antibodies recognizing diverse components of neutrophil granulocytes. ANCA formation might be induced by protracted bacterial infections or probably reflect an abnormal immune response to commensal microorganisms. Bacterial infections are common complications in(More)