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Humans host complex microbial communities believed to contribute to health maintenance and, when in imbalance, to the development of diseases. Determining the microbial composition in patients and healthy controls may thus provide novel therapeutic targets. For this purpose, high-throughput, cost-effective methods for microbiota characterization are needed.(More)
There is a growing demand for high-throughput methods for analysis of single-nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) positions. Here, we have evaluated a novel sequencing approach, pyrosequencing, for such purposes. Pyrosequencing is a sequencing-by-synthesis method in which a cascade of enzymatic reactions yields detectable light, which is proportional to(More)
A sensitive method for the analysis of inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) which utilizes the enzymes ATP sulfurylase and firefly luciferase is described. The assay is based on continuous monitoring of the ATP formed in the ATP sulfurylase reaction using purified firefly luciferase. The assay can be completed in less than 2 s and is not affected by inorganic(More)
The Pyrosequencing technology was used for identification of different clinically relevant fungi. The tests were performed on amplicons derived from the 18S rRNA gene using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) universal primers for amplification. Sequencing was performed up to 40 bases in a variable region with a designed general sequencing primer and the(More)
ATP-diphosphohydrolase (apyrase) catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphoanhydride bonds of nucleoside tri- and di-phosphates in the presence of divalent cations. This enzyme has broad substrate specificity for nucleotides, which makes it an ideal enzyme for different biotechnical applications, such as DNA sequencing and platelet-aggregation inhibition. The only(More)
An approach for real-time DNA sequencing without the need for electrophoresis has been developed. The approach relies on the detection of DNA polymerase activity by an enzymatic luminometric inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) detection assay (ELIDA) (Nyrén, P. (1987) Anal. Biochem. 167, 235-238). The PPi formed in the DNA polymerase reaction is converted to ATP(More)
The ability to sequence a large number of DNA samples rapidly and accurately for detection of all possible mutations is a critical goal for the future application of DNA sequencing in routine medical diagnostics. Pyrosequencing() is a non-electrophoretic real-time DNA sequencing method that uses the luciferase-luciferin light release as the detection signal(More)
Pyrosequencing, a new method for DNA sequencing, is gaining widespread use for many different types of DNA analysis. The method takes advantage of four coupled enzymes in a single tube assay to monitor DNA synthesis in real time using a luminometric detection system. Here, we demonstrate the use of pyrosequencing for direct analysis of single-nucleotide(More)
Pyrosequencing, a nonelectrophoretic DNA sequencing method that uses a luciferase-based enzymatic system to monitor DNA synthesis in real time, has so far been limited to sequencing of short stretches of DNA. To increase the signal-to-noise ratio in pyrosequencing the natural dATP was replaced by dATPalphaS (M. Ronaghi et al., 1996, Anal. Biochem. 242,(More)