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BACKGROUND Although detection of concordant lesions on MRI significantly improves postsurgical outcomes in focal epilepsy (FE), many conventional MR studies remain negative. The authors evaluated the role of phased array surface coil studies performed at 3 Tesla (3T PA MRI). METHODS Forty patients with medically intractable focal epilepsies were(More)
Quantification of epileptiform activity in EEG has been applied for decades. This has mainly been done by visual inspection of the recorded EEG. There have been many attempts using computers to quantify the activity, usually with moderate success. In a row of contexts, including Landau-Kleffner syndrome and the syndrome of epilepsy with continuous spike(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if there exists a relationship between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the quantity of focal nocturnal epileptiform activity on the EEG (FNEA) measured as the percentage of epileptiform activity during non-REM sleep (spike index). This was accomplished with a prospective study of children aged 6-14(More)
The sleep EEGs of many children with neurodevelopmental disorders reveal epileptiform activity. The aim of this study was to compare spike index (SI) in full-night recordings with SI in sleep-deprived EEGs in the morning; EEGs were obtained over 24 hours using ambulatory equipment. Sixteen children between the ages of 7 and 12 years were included in the(More)
OBJECTIVES The most widely used and studied neurostimulation procedure for medically refractory epilepsy is vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) Therapy. The goal of this study was to develop a computational model for improved understanding of the anatomy and neurophysiology of the vagus nerve as it pertains to the principles of electrical stimulation, aiming to(More)
BACKGROUND Many new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have become available in recent years. Investigations of prescription patterns and exposure of AEDs to different patient groups are important regarding drug safety aspects. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of AEDs in epilepsy, with focus on exposure of AEDs, gender and age differences and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the sensitivity of a simultaneous whole-head 306-channel magnetoencephalography (MEG)/70-electrode EEG recording to detect interictal epileptiform activity (IED) in a prospective, consecutive cohort of patients with medically refractory epilepsy that were considered candidates for epilepsy surgery. METHODS Seventy patients were(More)
BACKGROUND The value of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for treating patients with drug-resistant idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is not well documented. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twelve patients (2 males, 10 females) with a mean age of 31 years (11-48 years) and with drug-resistant IGE had VNS implanted in the period 1995-2006. All had generalized(More)
BACKGROUND Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more common in children with epilepsy than in the general paediatric population. Epileptiform discharges in EEG may be seen in children with ADHD also in those without seizure disorders. Sleep enhances these discharges which may be suppressed by levetiracetam. AIM To assess the(More)
OBJECTIVES The prognostic value of acute postoperative seizures (APS) after epilepsy surgery is much debated. This study evaluated APS, defined as seizures in the first week post-surgery, as a predictor of long-term seizure outcome, and investigated the utility of other potential outcome predictors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Medical records of 48 patients(More)