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Knowledge about the neuropsychological performance of adult patients with brain tumors, and especially with malignant gliomas, is limited. In this study 30 patients were consecutively included at time of diagnosis. Five months after completion of radiotherapy eleven of the patients showed no signs of focal neurology or tumor recurrence. These eleven(More)
UNLABELLED Cancer patients are in an exposed situation that raises certain psychosocial needs in contact with health care. Previous studies have mainly investigated these needs by assessments on pre-defined categories. OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study is, from the patients' perspective, to identify breast cancer patients' psychosocial needs, and(More)
The medical field has shown a growing interest in gender and gender differences. In psychosocial oncology, for example, some studies suggest that men and women cope differently with cancer; e.g. women express their emotions more readily than men do, and men rely more on their healthy spouse. Using a qualitative perspective, this study examines 83 narratives(More)
Experimental and early clinical investigations have demonstrated encouraging results for estramustine in the treatment of malignant glioma. The present study is an open randomized clinical trial comparing estramustine phosphate (Estracyt) in addition to radiotherapy with radiotherapy alone as first line treatment of astrocytoma grade III and IV. The 140(More)
People experiencing unexpected negative events tend to cope with the situation through causal attributions. It seems that having some sort of answer to 'why-me' makes the event less shattering and the world more controllable. We know for example that the great majority of women with breast cancer tend to have clear ideas about its causes. Lung cancer, in(More)
Most studies of the psychosocial needs of patients with head and neck cancers (HNC) use predefined categories and explicitly ask for specified needs. These studies are important but should be complemented with inductive studies based on patients' own descriptions of experiences. This qualitative study is such a contribution. In repeated interviews positive(More)
BACKGROUND In many diseases men and women, for no apparent medical reason, are not offered the same investigations and treatment in health care. This may be due to staff's stereotypical preconceptions about men and women, i.e., gender bias. In the clinical situation it is difficult to know whether gender differences in management reflect physicians' gender(More)
The concept of 'denial' emanates from psychoanalytic psychology. Within this framework it is regarded as a primitive defence mechanism related to personality disorder. The concept has been adopted by coping research but invested with quite other implications. Different researchers operationalize 'denial' in different ways which contributes to this(More)