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The hippocampal formation (HF) is known from pathological and MRI studies to be severely atrophied in established Alzheimer's disease. However, it is unclear when the earliest changes in the HF occur. We performed a longitudinal study of asymptomatic individuals at risk of autosomal dominant familial Alzheimer's disease in order to assess presymptomatic(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been suggested as a useful tool in early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Based on MRI-derived volumes, we studied the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex (ERC) in 59 controls, 65 individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 48 patients with AD. The controls and individuals with MCI were derived from(More)
BACKGROUND There is a clear need to develop an objective diagnostic test for Alzheimer disease (AD). Changes in the levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau protein and beta-amyloid 42 (Abeta42) peptide in patients with AD have been well documented, but the relationship between these biomarkers and neuropathologic changes in the brain is not established. (More)
An increased frequency of apolipoprotein E E4 allele has been reported in patients with late onset Alzheimer's disease. Apolipoprotein E participates in the transport of cholesterol and other lipids and interferes with the growth and regeneration of both peripheral and central nervous system tissues during development and after injury. Apolipoprotein E is(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a heterogeneous entity presenting as sporadic and familial disease. In familial AD, there is evidence for genetic linkage to a yet undefined gene on chromosome 14 in early-onset pedigrees and on chromosome 19 in late-onset pedigrees. In a few early-onset kindreds, there were mutations in the amyloid precursor gene on chromosome(More)
We studied the effect of aging on EEG spectra recorded from T5-O1 (T6-O2) derivation. The aging series composed of 52 normal individuals aged 20 to 91 years. Seventy-nine per cent of visual and 81% of quantitative EEGs were considered normal. The absolute amplitude of delta and theta bands and absolute power of delta band were lower for the oldest group(More)
We studied the usefulness of measuring volumes of the hippocampus, amygdala and frontal lobes with coronal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in the diagnosis of early Alzheimer's disease (AD). We examined 32 patients diagnosed according to the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria of probable AD and 16 age-matched healthy cognitively normal controls. The AD patients(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is the second most common cause of presenile dementia. The predominant neuropathology is FTLD with TAR DNA-binding protein (TDP-43) inclusions (FTLD-TDP). FTLD-TDP is frequently familial, resulting from mutations in GRN (which encodes progranulin). We assembled an international collaboration to identify(More)
OBJECTIVES The epsilon 4 allele of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a risk factor for late onset Alzheimer's disease. ApoE is present in senile plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and cerebrovascular amyloid, and it is implicated in synaptogenesis. The effect of ApoE polymorphism on the volumes of hippocampus, amygdala, and frontal lobe was studied. The hypothesis(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the frequency and severity of subclinical cerebral complications associated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN A prospective controlled study using preoperative and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG), and detailed neuropsychological and neurologic(More)