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The gene encoding factor C (facC), an extracellular signal protein involved in cellular differentiation, was cloned from Streptomyces griseus 45H, and the complete nucleotide sequence was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence was confirmed by HPLC/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry analysis. The full-length protein consists of 324 amino acids(More)
Glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporters play important roles in balancing excitatory and inhibitory signals in the brain. Increasing evidence suggest that they may act concertedly to regulate extracellular levels of the neurotransmitters. Here we present evidence that glutamate uptake-induced release of GABA from astrocytes has a direct impact(More)
dUTPase is responsible for preventive DNA repair via exclusion of uracil. Developmental regulation of the Drosophila enzyme is suggested to be involved in thymine-less apoptosis. Here we show that in addition to conserved dUTPase sequence motifs, the gene of Drosophila enzyme codes for a unique Ala-Pro-rich segment. Kinetic and structural analyses of the(More)
Multiple chromatographic separations of the CHCl₃-soluble extract of the roots of Echinacea purpurea led to the isolation of 19 compounds. Four natural products, three alkamides and nitidanin diisovalerianate, were identified, and five further compounds were detected for the first time in this species. Additionally, 10 known E. purpurea metabolites were(More)
Our observation that dispersed cultures of neurohypophysis obtained from adult rats are capable of synthesizing and releasing oxytocin and vasopressin is unexpected, because in whole animals these hormones are known only to be stored, not to be produced in the posterior lobe of the pituitary. The hormone content of cell culture medium was elevated from 0 to(More)
A home-built capillary chromatography/microelectrospray system was used for peptide mass mapping of a putative cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor protein with molecular mass of 8.5 kDa. The masses of identified tryptic fragments were then input to a protein database search routine. Daughter ion scans were done only on the most abundant tryptic fragments. On(More)
Previous determination of the chromosomal location of unique genes have required that the chromosomes of interest be fractionated, either by species-specific chromosome loss from interspecies hybrids, or by physical fractionation procedures. We have developed a general technique for the localization of a unique gene, which requires no prior chromosome(More)
X-linked albinism-deafness syndrome (ADFN) was described in one Israeli Jewish family and is characterized by congenital nerve deafness and piebaldness. The ADFN mutation probably affects the migration of neural crest-derived precursors of the melanocytes. As a first step toward identifying the ADFN gene, a linkage study was performed to localize the(More)
Factor C, an extracellular signal protein of cellular differentiation, was studied and significant homology was found to several zinc finger-type regulatory proteins. The complete amino acid sequence, deduced from the gene, that encodes the protein, did not support the hypothesis that this protein might be a zinc finger-type regulatory protein. However, a(More)
The pharmacokinetics of sulfasalazine, an anti-inflammatory drug is influenced by ATP-binding cassette G2 (ABCG2) (breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), mitoxantrone resistance protein (MXR)) both in vitro and clinically. Due to its low passive permeability, the intracellular concentration of sulfasalazine is dependent on uptake transporters, rendering(More)