Ozlem Kucukoglu

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DNA topoisomerases are important targets for cancer chemotherapy. We investigated the effects of a methanolic extract of Helichrysum pamphylicum on mammalian DNA topoisomerase I via in vitro plasmid supercoil relaxation assays. The extracts manifested a considerable inhibition of the enzyme's activity in a dose-dependent manner. We also performed a HPLC(More)
Chalcones have been identified as interesting compounds with cytotoxic and tumor reducing properties. In the present study, the biological activity of synthetic chalcones on myeloid leukemic cells was investigated. Human myeloid HL-60 leukemia cells were exposed to 1-20 micro M chemicals for 0-96h. The viability of the cells was measured using trypan blue(More)
BACKGROUND Keratins 8 and 18 (K8/K18) are intermediate filament proteins that protect the liver from various forms of injury. Exonic K8/K18 variants associate with adverse outcome in acute liver failure and with liver fibrosis progression in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection or primary biliary cirrhosis. Given the association of K8/K18 variants(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepcidin (gene name HAMP), an IL-6-inducible acute phase peptide with antimicrobial properties, is the key negative regulator of iron metabolism. Liver is the primary source of HAMP synthesis, but it is also produced by other tissues such as kidney or heart and is found in body fluids such as urine or cerebrospinal fluid. While the role of(More)
 Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary liver cancer and the third leading cause of cancer related death worldwide. In recent years, the prevalence of HCC has increased in both developing and developed countries. Most HCC cases develop in the presence of advanced chronic liver disease related to viral hepatitis. In particular(More)
The interaction of an alkylating agent, 4,4'-dihydroxy chalcone (DHC) with calf thymus double stranded DNA (dsDNA) and calf thymus single stranded DNA (ssDNA) was studied electrochemically based on the oxidation signals of guanine and adenine by using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) at carbon paste electrode (CPE). As a result of the alkylation of DHC(More)
Both acute and chronic liver diseases are associated with ample re-modeling of the liver parenchyma leading to functional impairment, which is thus obviously the cause or the consequence of the disruption of the epithelial integrity. It was, therefore, the aim of this study to investigate the distribution of the adherens junction components E- and(More)
UNLABELLED Mallory-Denk bodies (MDBs) are protein aggregates consisting of ubiquitinated keratins 8/18 (K8/K18). MDBs are characteristic of alcoholic and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and discriminate between the relatively benign simple steatosis and the more aggressive NASH. Given the emerging evidence for a genetic predisposition to MDB formation(More)
The liver is the central regulator of iron metabolism and accordingly, chronic liver diseases often lead to systemic iron overload due to diminished expression of the iron-regulatory hormone hepcidin. To study the largely unknown regulation of iron metabolism in the context of hepatic disease, we used two established models of chronic liver injury, ie(More)
UNLABELLED Keratins 8 and 18 (K8/K18) are the intermediate filaments proteins of simple-type digestive epithelia and provide important cytoprotective function. K8/K18 variants predispose humans to chronic liver disease progression and poor outcomes in acute acetaminophen (APAP)-related liver failure. Given that K8 G62C and R341H/R341C are common K8 variants(More)