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PURPOSE The purposes of this study were to evaluate the differences in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values between infra and supratentorial unidentified bright objects (UBOs), between UBOs and normal appearing side (NAS, contralateral regions of the UBOs and/or normal appearing region without UBOs) in the neurofibromatosis type 1 patients (NF1) and(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) caused by trauma mainly occurs in two mechanisms as primary and secondary injury. Secondary injury following the primary impact includes various pathophysiological and biochemical events. Methylprednisolone is the only pharmacological agent having clinically proven beneficial effects on SCI. Citicoline has been shown to have(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the possible neuroprotective effect of resveratrol against streptozotocin-induced hyperglycaemia in the rat brain and medulla spinalis. Thirty adult male Wistar rats were divided into three groups as follows: control group, streptozotocin-induced diabetic-untreated group, and streptozotocin-induced(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in loss of function below the lesion. Secondary injury following the primary impact includes a number of biochemical and cellular alterations leading to tissue necrosis and cell death. Influx of Na(+) ions into cells has been postulated to be a key early event in the pathogenesis of secondary traumatic and ischemic central(More)
Orbital roof fractures are uncommon, and traumatic intraorbital encephalocele formation is a very rare complication of this type of injury. We treated 43 pediatric patients with orbital roof fractures at our center over a 4-year period. The aim of this study was to retrospectively investigate conditions that may lead to intraorbital encephalocele formation(More)
A 37-year-old man with Behçet's disease suffered secondary subarachnoid hemorrhage and intracerebral hematoma in the right temporal lobe caused by a ruptured aneurysm of the right middle cerebral artery. The aneurysm was successfully clipped. Aneurysm formation is common in the visceral arteries in Behçet's disease, but extremely rare in the intracranial(More)
The goal of this study was to examine the neuroprotective effect of ebselen against intracerebroventricular streptozotocin (ICV-STZ)-induced oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis in rat brain. A total of 30 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups of 10 animals each: control, ICV-STZ, and ICV-STZ treated with ebselen. The ICV-STZ(More)
Bone wax is commonly used in neurosurgical practice as a haemostatic and sealing agent. It is a safe agent, but may lead to adverse effects such as infection, epistaxsis, allergic reaction or foreign body granuloma. There are very few reported cases of the neurological complications of remnant bone wax in the subdural or subarachnoid space. The authors(More)
OBJECTIVE Primary impact to the spinal cord causes rapid oxidative stress after injury. To protect neural tissue, it is important to prevent secondary pathophysiological mechanisms. Etomidate, a strong antiexcitotoxic agent, stimulates the gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors. The purpose of this study was to investigate neurobehavioral and histological(More)
AIM Although an aneurysmal rupture typically presents on computed tomography (CT) imaging as only a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), it may be associated with spontaneous (nontraumatic) subdural hemorrhage (sSDH). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the clinical and radiological characteristics, as well as a potentially dangerous situation in the(More)