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The orbital frontal cortex (OFC) plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of several neuropsychiatric disorders. Few morphometric neuroimaging studies have examined the OFC using different methodologies and have reported discrepant values. Substantial variability in gyri and sulci across individuals as well as unclear landmarks underline the(More)
BACKGROUND The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) plays a major role in neuropsychologic functioning including exteroceptive and interoceptive information coding, reward-guided behavior, impulse control, and mood regulation. This study examined the OFC and its subdivisions in patients with MDD and matched healthy control subjects. METHODS Magnetic resonance(More)
OBJECTIVE Very few studies have compared the symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) and rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders between depressed children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to reproduce and extend these findings. METHOD The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia, present version (KSADS-P) was administered(More)
Different studies have documented OFC abnormalities in schizophrenia, but it is unclear if they are present at disease onset or are a consequence of disease process and/or drug exposure. The evaluation of first-episode, drug-naïve subjects allows us to clarify this issue. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed on 43 first-episode, antipsychotic-naïve(More)
The orbitofrontal cortex is involved in multiple psychologic functions, such as emotional and cognitive processing, learning, and social behavior. These functions are variably impaired in individuals with autism. The present study examined the size of the orbitofrontal cortex, and its medial and lateral subdivisions, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
PURPOSE The aims of the present study were to investigate the relationship between plasma zinc levels and amplitudes and latencies of P1, N2, and P3 in parietal and frontal areas in children with ADHD, and to compare these zinc levels and event-related potentials (ERPs) indices with controls. METHODS 28 boys with ADHD were divided into two groups(More)
OBJECTIVE Event related brain potentials (ERPs) is a non-invasive technique giving knowledge about neural activity associated with sensory and cognitive information processing. The aims of the present study were to investigate amplitude and latency of P100, N200, and P300 in parietal and frontal areas in children with attention deficit hyperactivity(More)
It is suggested that salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) may be a marker of sympathoadrenal medullary system activity. Thus, it can be a possible relationship sAA and anxiety disorders. The aim of this study is to investigate sAA in children and adolescents with anxiety disorders and healthy controls. Thirty drug-free youths, aged 8-16 years, who were diagnosed as(More)
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