Ozgur Yesilyurt

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We examined the effects of amlodipine, a selective L-type voltage dependent Ca(2+) channel (VDCC) blocker, and mibefradil, a selective T-type VDCC blocker on the antinociceptive effects of morphine, and mu, delta and kappa opioid receptor selective agonist-induced antinociception at the spinal level. Intrathecally administered amlodipine and mibefradil(More)
Effects of agmatine, which is an endogenous polyamine metabolite formed by decarboxylation of L-arginine, have been investigated on the ethanol withdrawal syndrome in rats. Adult male Wistar rats were used in the study. Ethanol (7.2% v/v) was given to the rats by a liquid diet for 21 days. Agmatine (20, 40, 80 and 160 mg/kg) and saline were injected to rats(More)
It is known that diabetic mice are less sensitive to the analgesic effect of morphine. Some factor(s) derived from mononuclear cells, e.g. interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), may be responsible for the diminished analgesic effect of morphine in diabetic mice. Therefore, we examined direct effects of IL-1beta, intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.), on(More)
Opioids and cannabinoids produce antinociception through both spinal and supraspinal action. Both opioids and cannabinoids also have important peripheral action. Many previous studies indicate that systemically administered cannabinoids enhance antinociceptive properties of opioids. Experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that topical cannabinoids(More)
Gate-modulated transport through partially aligned films of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in thin film type transistor structures are studied experimentally and theoretically. Measurements are reported on SWNTs grown by chemical vapor deposition with systematically varying degrees of alignment and coverage in transistors with a range of channel(More)
The effects of agmatine, which is an endogenous polyamine metabolite formed by decarboxylation of L-arginine, and a combination of agmatine and morphine on tail-flick test have been investigated in mice. Adult male Swiss-Webster mice were used in the study. Agmatine (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg), clonidine (0.15 mg/kg), yohimbine (0.625 and 1.25 mg/kg), or saline(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) plays an important role in the descending control of pain. We evaluated the role of descending serotonergic pathways and spinal 5-HT₇ and 5-HT(2A) receptors in comparison to that of 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT₃ receptors in the antinociceptive effects of systemically administered cannabinoids. Antinociceptive effects were evaluated by radiant heat(More)
OBJECTIVES Cyclosporine A (CyA), tacrolimus (TRL), sirolimus (SIR), and everolimus (RAD) are immunosuppressive drugs frequently used in organ transplantation. Our aim was to confirm a robust sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for determination of CyA, TRL, SIR, and RAD in whole-blood samples. MATERIALS(More)
1. Antinociceptive effects of intrathecally administered aminoglycoside antibiotics, calcium-channel blockers, nickel and calcium ions on the acetic acid-induced writhing test in mice were examined. 2. Neomycin (0.5-20.0 micrograms/mouse) gentamicin (5-40 micrograms/mouse), nicardipine, diltiazem and verapamil (0.5-80.0 micrograms/mouse) and calcium ions(More)
The effects of L-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel blockers on apomorphine, bromocriptine and morphine-induced changes in locomotor activity were examined in mice. Apomorphine (4 mg/kg) and morphine (20 mg/kg) produced locomotor stimulation. Bromocriptine (8 mg/kg) produced a biphasic effect on motor behaviour, an early depressant phase, followed by(More)