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Parkinson's disease (PD), a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder, has a mainly unknown multifactorial etiology. Neuroinflammatory mechanisms might contribute to the cascade of events leading to neuronal degeneration. Toxoplasmosis can be associated with various neuropsychiatric disorders. The most commonly affected central nervous system (CNS)(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer disease (AD), a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder, has a mainly unknown multifactorial etiology. Neuroinflammatory mechanisms might contribute to the cascade of events leading to neuronal degeneration. Central nervous system infections have been previously suggested as possible etiological agents in the development of(More)
In this study, we describe and adapt the relevant methods of magnetic resonance (MR) and stereology to estimate total brain volume (TBV), cerebral and cerebellar volume and their volume fractions within the brain. The study included 15 (8 males, 7 females) controls and 15 (8 males, 7 females) patients with Alzheimer's disease. The patients' MR images were(More)
OBJECTIVES Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and, as previous studies have indicated, degenerative changes in the cerebellum occur in AD. It is well known that the cerebellum does not have a symmetric morphology and some pathological disorders, such as schizophrenia, epilepsy, autism and alcoholism, can cause asymmetrical changes(More)
Brain balance changes have been recognised in migraine, but cerebellar function between or during attacks has been assessed only in a few studies. Previous studies have indicated that migraine affects cerebellar function. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the hemicerebellar volume changes of patients with migraine without aura (MWoA). Volumetric(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate cerebellar volume changes and the asymmetry of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). METHODS The cerebellar hemispheres` volumetric symmetry were evaluated using a stereological method on MR images. The study included 15 patients with BPPV, and 14 age-, and gender-matched control subjects. The cases were admitted(More)
PURPOSE To identify the conjunctival flora in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and compare it with the conjunctival flora of healthy subjects. METHODS One hundred six eyes of 106 patients with PD and 102 eyes of 102 age-matched healthy subjects were included in the study. All subjects had a detailed anterior segment examination, including eye blink(More)
The aim of this study is to evaluate shoulder disturbances in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which is the best tool in the demonstration of complex shoulder pathologies; and to determine probable relations between shoulder pathologies and PD clinical features. Twenty-eight PD patients with a total of 56 shoulders(More)
PURPOSE The human retina contains dopaminergic neurons within the inner retinal layer. Several studies demonstrated dopaminergic neuronal loss in Parkinson's disease (PD) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Hypothetically, restless legs syndrome (RLS) may have an underlying dopaminergic mechanism and a probable relation to PD is assumed. Therefore, we(More)
Optic nerve damage occurs in Alzheimer disease (AD) related to the loss of the retinal ganglion cells that contribute fibers to the optic nerve and reduction of the density of axons of the optic nerve. In this study the authors evaluated optic nerve volume changes and the relation between the cerebrum and optic nerve volumes in AD patients. The study(More)
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