Oyvind Hjertner

Learn More
In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 363 patients with untreated multiple myeloma were randomized to receive either melphalan-prednisone and thalidomide (MPT) or melphalan-prednisone and placebo (MP). The dose of melphalan was 0.25 mg/kg and prednisone was 100 mg given daily for 4 days every 6 weeks until plateau phase. The dose of(More)
The Nordic Myeloma Study Group conducted an open randomized trial to compare bortezomib as consolidation therapy given after high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) with no consolidation in bortezomib-naive patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Overall, 370 patients were centrally randomly assigned 3 months after ASCT to(More)
The bone disease in multiple myeloma is caused by an uncoupling of bone formation from bone resorption. A key difference between patients with and patients without osteolytic lesion is that the latter have fewer and less active osteoblasts. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is often produced by myeloma cells and is found at high concentrations in the bone(More)
The adipose hormone leptin and its receptor are important for regulation of food intake and energy metabolism. Leptin also is involved in the growth of different tissues. In this study, we show the expression of leptin in primary cultures of normal human osteoblasts (hOBs) as evidenced by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and(More)
Previously, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and -4 have been shown to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in human myeloma cells. BMP-2 and -4 belong to a subgroup of BMPs using the BMP receptors Alk-3 or -6. In this study, we examined the effects on human myeloma cells of BMP-6 and -7, members of a different BMP subgroup, which mainly utilize(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) can be isolated from organic bone matrix and are able to initiate de novo cartilage and bone formation. Here it is shown that BMP-4 inhibited DNA synthesis in a dose-dependent manner in 3 IL-6-dependent multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines (OH-2, IH-1, and ANBL-6). In contrast, no effect on DNA synthesis was observed in 3(More)
Binding of urokinase (uPA) to its receptor (uPAR; CD87) focuses proteolytic activity on the cell surface and this system is of importance in malignant matrix degradation and tumour invasion. By immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry, we found that primary myeloma cells and myeloma cell lines expressed uPA and uPAR. Soluble uPA was present in cell line(More)
Syndecan-1 (CD138) is a heparan sulfate-bearing proteoglycan present on the surface of myeloma cells where it mediates myeloma cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion. In this study, we examined myeloma cell lines for cell membrane localization of syndecan-1. On some cells we note a striking localization of syndecan-1 to a single small membrane(More)
Multiple myeloma is associated with unbalanced bone remodeling causing lytic bone lesions. Interleukin-11 (IL-11) promotes osteoclast formation and inhibits osteoblast activity and may, thus, be one factor involved in cancer-induced bone destruction. We have previously shown that myeloma cells produce hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). We now report that HGF(More)
Syndecan-1 is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan expressed on the surface of, and actively shed by, myeloma cells. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a cytokine produced by myeloma cells. Previous studies have demonstrated elevated levels of syndecan-1 and HGF in the serum of patients with myeloma, both of negative prognostic value for the disease. Here we show(More)