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In contrast to the roles played by monocytes/macrophages, neutrophils and lymphocytes, the presence and functions of basophils, mast cells/eosinophilic granule cells, eosinophils and rodlet cells in teleosts are areas of controversy. The tissue distribution of mast cells/eosinophilic granule cells in species from a certain genus shows a characteristic(More)
Infectious anaemia in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) was studied by recording gross and light microscopic changes, and the development of lesions was studied in relation to haematocrit values. Gross lesions were characterised by ascites formation, congestion and enlargement of liver and spleen, congestion of the foregut and petechiae in the peritoneum.(More)
Cardiomyopathy syndrome (CMS) of farmed and wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) is a disease of yet unknown etiology characterized by a necrotizing myocarditis involving the atrium and the spongious part of the heart ventricle. Here, we report the identification of a double-stranded RNA virus likely belonging to the family Totiviridae as the causative(More)
During the last 10 to 20 years vaccination has become established as an important method for prevention of infectious diseases in farmed fish, mainly salmonid species. So far, most commercial vaccines have been inactivated vaccines administered by injection or immersion. Bacterial infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria such as Vibrio sp., Aeromonas(More)
Here we present the gene structure and expression data on two Atlantic salmon TNF-alpha genes. Both genes are approximately 2.0kb in length and organized into four exons and three introns. The open reading frame of both genes translates into 246 amino acid putative peptides, being 91.5% identical at the amino acid level. The upstream regulatory region of(More)
The diagnosis of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection is difficult, especially in the early stages of disease. This is due to the long incubation period, the variable lag phase associated with bacterial proliferation, and the multifocal distribution of slowly developing lesions. There are few previous studies of the early stages of(More)
The study was conducted in Atlantic salmon to establish the initial and basic scientific documentation for an alternative batch potency test for salmon furuculosis vaccines. We assessed the antibody response development for Aeromonas salmonicida vaccines at different immunisation temperatures (3, 12 and 18 °C), by an enzyme-linked-immunosorbent assay(More)
The present study was performed as a time course study of fish vaccinated with 20 microg plasmid DNA vaccine encoding either the VHSV G-protein or the VHSV N-protein. Samples of the injection site were collected sequentially over a 7-week period. The study revealed an intense positive staining by immunohistochemistry for the viral G-protein mainly in the(More)
Infectious pancreatic necrosis viruses (IPNVs) exhibit a wide range of virulence in salmonid species. In previous studies, we have shown that the amino acid residues at positions 217 and 221 in VP2 are implicated in virulence. To pinpoint the molecular determinants of virulence in IPNV, we generated recombinant IPNV strains using the cRNA-based(More)