Oxana O. Krylova

Learn More
Nonionic amphiphiles and particularly block copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide (Pluronics) cause pronounced chemosensitization of tumor cells that exhibit multiple resistance to antineoplastic drugs. This effect is due to inhibition of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) responsible for drug efflux. It was suggested that the inhibition of P-gp might be due(More)
It has recently been found that Pluronics (block copolymers of ethylene oxide, EO, and propylene oxide, PO) favor the permeability and accumulation of anthracycline antibiotics, for example doxorubicin (Dox), in tumor cells. In an effort to understand these results, the interaction of EO(2)/PO(32)/EO(2) (Pluronic L61) with unilamellar egg yolk vesicles(More)
The effects of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide block copolymers (pluronics) on the permeability of several weak acids and bases through bilayer lipid membranes have been studied by the methods of monitoring (1) pH shifts near planar bilayers, (2) doxorubicin fluorescence quenching inside liposomes, and (3) current transients in the presence of(More)
Pluronic block copolymers (triblock copolymers of poly(ethylene oxide) and poly(propylene oxide)) exhibit a chemosensitizing effect on multidrug resistant cell lines. Changes in membrane permeability are hypothesized to be responsible because inhibition of drug transport mediated by both the multidrug-resistance-associated protein and the P-glycoprotein(More)
Phase diagrams offer a wealth of thermodynamic information on aqueous mixtures of bilayer-forming lipids and micelle-forming detergents, providing a straightforward means of monitoring and adjusting the supramolecular state of such systems. However, equilibrium phase diagrams are of very limited use for the reconstitution of membrane proteins because of the(More)
Triblock copolymers of ethylene oxide (EO) and propylene oxide (PO) of EO(n/2)PO(m)EO(n/2) type (Pluronics) demonstrate a variety of biological effects that are mainly due to their interaction with cell membranes. Previously, we have shown that Pluronics can bind to artificial lipid membranes and enhance accumulation of the anti-tumor drug doxorubicin (DOX)(More)
The development of antimicrobial peptides as new class of antibiotic agents requires structural characterisation and understanding of their diverse mechanisms of action. As the cyclic hexapeptide cWFW (cyclo(RRRWFW)) does not exert its rapid cell killing activity by membrane permeabilisation, in this study we investigated alternative mechanisms of action,(More)
Ricin is a promising candidate for the treatment of cancer because it can be selectively targeted to tumor cells via linkage to monoclonal antibodies. Biochemical evidence suggests that escape of ricin or its ribosome-inactivating subunit from an intracellular compartment is mediated by retrograde transport to the endoplasmic reticulum and subsequent(More)
We have studied the solubilisation and reconstitution of lipid membranes composed of either synthetic phosphatidylcholine or Escherichia. coli polar lipid extract by the non-ionic detergent octylglucoside. For both lipid systems, composition-dependent transformations of unilamellar vesicles into micelles or vice versa were followed by high-sensitivity(More)