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We have cloned the genes PANX1, PANX2 and PANX3, encoding putative gap junction proteins homologous to invertebrate innexins, which constitute a new family of mammalian proteins called pannexins. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that pannexins are highly conserved in worms, mollusks, insects and mammals, pointing to their important function. Both innexins and(More)
Mice housed in standard cages show impaired brain development, abnormal repetitive behaviours (stereotypies) and an anxious behavioural profile, all of which can be lessened by making the cage environment more stimulating. But concerns have been raised that enriched housing might disrupt standardization and so affect the precision and reproducibility of(More)
According to current concepts, memory can be disrupted by administration of protein synthesis inhibitors over a relatively short time period before and after learning. However, data have been obtained indicating that protein synthesis inhibitors can induce amnesia when given long after learning if administration is performed in reminder conditions, i.e.,(More)
Connexins had been considered to be the only class of the vertebrate proteins capable of gap junction formation; however, new candidates for this function with no homology to connexins, termed pannexins were discovered. So far three pannexins were described in rodent and human genomes: Panx1, Panx2 and Panx3. Expressions of pannexins can be detected in(More)
It is currently assumed that disruption of memory formation by inhibitors of protein synthesis can occur in a relatively short time interval before and after training. However, there is some evidence that memory may be disrupted by delayed injections of protein synthesis inhibitors during "reminder" treatment, i.e., environmental cue that was presented(More)
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