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Bacillus species continue to be dominant bacterial workhorses in microbial fermentations. Bacillus subtilis (natto) is the key microbial participant in the ongoing production of the soya-based traditional natto fermentation, and some Bacillus species are on the Food and Drug Administration's GRAS (generally regarded as safe) list. The capacity of selected(More)
Detailed studies were carried out on the effects of nitrogen source, phosphate, sodium chloride, growth factors, precursors, CO2, temperature, initial pH, and inoculum size on biomass and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) production by Phaeodactylum tricornutum. The EPA content of total fatty acids increased with increasing concentrations of nitrate and urea.(More)
Methods to enhance crude oil biodegradation by mixed bacterial cultures, for example, (bio)surfactant addition, are complicated by the diversity of microbial populations within a given culture. The physical and metabolic interactions between Rhodococcus sp. strain F9-D79 and Pseudomonas sp. strain JA5-B45 were examined during growth on Bow River crude oil.(More)
Conventional landfarming approaches to bioremediation of refinery and other petroleum sludges are not acceptable environmentally and are banned in most North American jurisdictions. While initial bioreactor-based systems for treatment of these sludges required batch-cycle process-times of 1-3 months, an accelerated process has now been developed which can(More)
A strain of Pseudomonas marginalis PD-14B, isolated from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contaminated soil, produced an extracellular surface-active factor of high molecular weight containing protein and lipopolysaccharide. A crude preparation of the factor, obtained from the culture both of cells grown in mineral salts (MS) medium with succinate and(More)
Petroleum refining is traditionally based on the use of physicochemical processes such as distillation and chemical catalysis that operate under high temperatures and pressures conditions, which are energy intensive and costly. Biotechnology has become an important tool for providing new approaches in petroleum industry during oil production, refining and(More)
Volatile hydrocarbon biodegradation by a mixed-bacterial culture during growth on Bow River crude oil was investigated using solid phase microextraction (SPME). Inoculum treatments were examined in relation to C(5)-C(11) hydrocarbon degradation. Up to 1600 mg/l biomass (dry weight) was tested without achieving significant volatile hydrocarbon partitioning(More)
Surfactants, both chemical and biological, are amphiphilic compounds which can reduce surface and interfacial tensions by accumulating at the interface of immiscible fluids and increase the solubility, mobility, bioavailability and subsequent biodegradation of hydrophobic or insoluble organic compounds. Investigations on their impacts on microbial activity(More)
Recent advances in molecular biology have extended our understanding of the metabolic processes related to microbial transformation of petroleum hydrocarbons. The physiological responses of microorganisms to the presence of hydrocarbons, including cell surface alterations and adaptive mechanisms for uptake and efflux of these substrates, have been(More)
Surfactants are amphiphilic compounds which can reduce surface and interfacial tensions by accumulating at the interface of immiscible fluids and increase the solubility, mobility, bioavailability and subsequent biodegradation of hydrophobic or insoluble organic compounds. Chemically synthesized surfactants are commonly used in the petroleum, food and(More)