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Surfactants are amphiphilic compounds which can reduce surface and interfacial tensions by accumulating at the interface of immiscible fluids and increase the solubility, mobility, bioavailability and subsequent biodegradation of hydrophobic or insoluble organic compounds. Chemically synthesized surfactants are commonly used in the petroleum, food and(More)
Detailed studies were carried out on the effects of nitrogen source, phosphate, sodium chloride, growth factors, precursors, CO2, temperature, initial pH, and inoculum size on biomass and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) production by Phaeodactylum tricornutum. The EPA content of total fatty acids increased with increasing concentrations of nitrate and urea.(More)
Bacillus species continue to be dominant bacterial workhorses in microbial fermentations. Bacillus subtilis (natto) is the key microbial participant in the ongoing production of the soya-based traditional natto fermentation, and some Bacillus species are on the Food and Drug Administration's GRAS (generally regarded as safe) list. The capacity of selected(More)
Surfactants, both chemical and biological, are amphiphilic compounds which can reduce surface and interfacial tensions by accumulating at the interface of immiscible fluids and increase the solubility, mobility, bioavailability and subsequent biodegradation of hydrophobic or insoluble organic compounds. Investigations on their impacts on microbial activity(More)
Thraustochytrium aureum ATCC 34 304 contained approximately 50% of total fatty acids as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Lipid content of the biomass was dramatically influenced by medium composition and ranged from 0.3 to 16% of the biomass weight. Increasing the culture medium glucose concentration from 5 to 20 g/l caused the lipid content of the biomass to(More)
Two methods were used to compare the biodegradation of six polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners by 12 white rot fungi. Four fungi were found to be more active than Phanerochaete chrysosporium ATCC 24725. Biodegradation of the following congeners was monitored by gas chromatography: 2,3-dichlorobiphenyl, 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl, 2,4',5-trichlorobiphenyl(More)
Culture conditions for growth and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) production byThraustochytrium roseum ATCC 28210 were investigated with a view to increasing DHA titers. A medium was formulated (Medium 6) which produced a biomass and DHA content of 10.4 g L−1 and 1011 mg L−1, respectively, in a 5-day incubation. A fed-batch culture system was also developed(More)
Thraustochytrium sp. ATCC 20892 produced high yields of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), more than four other strains of Thraustochytrium and Schizochytrium tested, but insignificant amounts of other polyunsaturated fatty acids. Glucose and sodium glutamate were the preferred carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively, and the optimum conditions for growth and(More)
Conventional landfarming approaches to bioremediation of refinery and other petroleum sludges are not acceptable environmentally and are banned in most North American jurisdictions. While initial bioreactor-based systems for treatment of these sludges required batch-cycle process-times of 1–3 months, an accelerated process has now been developed which can(More)
Although higher initial rates of phenylacetyl carbinol formation were observed in fermentations containing a high starting benzaldehyde level, a massive reduction in yeast viability was observed resulting in early cessation of production formation. Pulse feeding to maintain lower benzaldehyde concentrations resulted in a lower initial reaction rate, but(More)