Owen McCarthy

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The intervals between arrival or rearrival in the UK and notification of tuberculosis have been studied in four groups of Asian immigrants according to contact with known cases of tuberculosis in the UK and recent visits to Asia. It appears that about one-fifth of the Asian immigrants who developed tuberculosis in West Ham in a 5-year period did so as a(More)
A retrospective survey of the treatment of culture positive pulmonary tuberculosis with a standard 6-month course of unsupervised therapy, comprising rifampicin and isoniazid daily for 6 months with pyrazinamide for the first 8 weeks is reported. Of the 164 patients who commenced this regimen, 110 completed therapy as planned. There were five relapses,(More)
A retrospective report of the experience using the policy of six-month short-course chemotherapy as standard treatment for lymph node tuberculosis is presented. Forty-one patients completed 6 months' treatment as planned. All made a complete recovery, except one who had a 1 cm residual node at the completion of treatment, and one who relapsed four months(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical observations over a 12 year period have suggested a changing pattern of adult respiratory tuberculosis in patients from the Indian subcontinent in two districts of the United Kingdom with a high incidence of tuberculosis. METHODS Details of all patients for the period 1981-92 residing in the Newham and Blackburn districts aged 15 and(More)
SETTING Chest Clinics at Blackburn and Newham, UK. OBJECTIVE To test the efficacy of a short-course regimen of 6 months rifampicin and isoniazid supplemented by 2 months initial pyrazinamide (2HRZ-4HR), in the treatment of smear and culture-negative pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculous pleural effusion in routine clinical practice. DESIGN The results(More)
BACKGROUND While CD4 strongly predicts mortality on antiretroviral therapy (ART), estimates from programmatic data suffer from incomplete patient outcomes. METHODS We conducted a pooled analysis of one-year mortality data on ART accounting for lost patients. We identified articles reporting one-year mortality by ART initiation CD4 count. We estimated the(More)
West Bengal potato farmers cannot directly access wholesale markets and do not know wholesale prices. Local middlemen earn large margins; pass-through from wholesale to farm-gate prices is negligible. When we informed farmers in randomly chosen villages about wholesale prices, average farm-gate sales and prices ∗The data collection for this project was(More)