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Effective tubal transport of ova, sperm and embryos is a prerequisite for successful spontaneous pregnancy. Although there is much yet to be discovered about the mechanisms involved, it is evident that tubal transit is a far more complicated process than initially thought. Propulsion of gametes and embryos is achieved by complex interaction between muscle(More)
A detailed analysis of semen quality was carried out in 85 couples with unexplained infertility by the use of conventional criteria of semen analysis, time-exposure photomicrography, and the zona-free hamster egg penetration test. According to the latter, 34.1% of the male partners exhibited evidence of defective sperm function, although only 4% of these(More)
Multivariate discriminant analysis has been used to determine the predictability of sub-normal penetrating capacity in cases of unexplained infertility. The product of this analysis was the identification of 7 discriminating variables, all of which described various aspects of the post-capacitation movement characteristics exhibited by the spermatozoa,(More)
The physiological factors which induce and maintain mammalian sperm maturation and motility generally remain unclear, although several agents are known to be involved. We recently described the application of immunocytochemical and immunoblotting methods to identify the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor in the tails of ejaculated rat and human sperm, and(More)
This review explores the potential role of hormones in modulating the auditory function. The review describes four groups of hormones (the hormones of the circadian cycle, reproduction, stress response and the fluid and electrolyte balance), their physiological variations, interactions, as well as the physiological basis for their effect on the auditory(More)
We studied the in-vitro secretory function of non-polarized and polarized cultured Fallopian tube epithelial cells by measurement of the placental protein 14 (PP14) secretion in primary cultures and subcultures from Fallopian tubes obtained from eight premenopausal women in different phases of the ovarian cycle. Primary cultures were established in minimal(More)
An in-vitro penetration assay, which incorporates measurements of sperm motility and forward velocity, was used to investigate sperm-cervical mucus interaction in 20 couples with unexplained infertility. Evidence of impaired cervical mucus penetration was found in this group of patients and in seven couples the results correlated with previous assessment by(More)
Endometriosis and infertility are known to be associated, but it is unclear whether endometriosis causes infertility. We used contrast analogue enhancement to study the effect of peritoneal fluid from women with early stage endometriosis on the ciliary beat frequency of human fallopian tube epithelium. We obtained peritoneal fluid from six women with early(More)
CONTEXT Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) represents the most common endocrine abnormality in women of reproductive age. The cause of PCOS remains largely unknown, but studies suggest an intrinsic ovarian abnormality. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to test our hypothesis that differences in granulosa cell proliferation and apoptosis may underlie(More)