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I. INTRODUCTION MIMO technology is becoming mature, and incorporated into emerging wireless broadband standards like LTE [1]. For example, the LTE standard allows for up to 8 antenna ports at the base station. Basically, the more antennas the transmitter/receiver is equipped with, and the more degrees of freedom that the propagation channel can provide, the(More)
MIMO technology is a way of using multiple antennas to simultaneously transmit multiple streams of data in wireless communication systems. MIMO in cellular systems brings improvements on four fronts: • improved data rate, because the more antennas, the more independent data streams can be sent out; • improved reliability, because the more antennas the more(More)
—Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is one of the main candidates to be included in the fifth generation (5G) cellular systems. For further system development it is desirable to have real-time testbeds showing possibilities and limitations of the technology. In this paper we describe the Lund University Massive MIMO testbed – LuMaMi. It is a(More)
Very-large multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), also called massive MIMO, is a new technique that potentially can offer large network capacities in multiuser scenarios, where the base stations are equipped with a large number of antennas simultaneously serving multiple single-antenna users on the same frequency. We investigate channel behavior for a(More)
—Massive MIMO, also known as very-large MIMO or large-scale antenna systems, is a new technique that potentially can offer large network capacities in multiuser scenarios. With a massive MIMO system, we consider the case where a base station is equipped with a large number of antennas and serving multiple single-antenna users in the same time-frequency(More)
—Massive MIMO can greatly increase both spectral and transmit-energy efficiency. This is achieved by allowing the number of antennas and RF chains to grow very large. However, the challenges include high system complexity and hardware energy consumption. Here we investigate the possibilities to reduce the required number of RF chains, by performing antenna(More)
—Massive MIMO has been shown to greatly improve spectral and transmit-energy efficiency. When implementing a massive MIMO system, one challenge is high hardware complexity. A solution is to reduce the number of radio frequency (RF) transceiver chains by performing antenna selection. However, a full RF switch that connects the antennas and RF chains can be(More)