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Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technology is maturing and is being incorporated into emerging wireless broadband standards like long-term evolution (LTE) [1]. For example, the LTE standard allows for up to eight antenna ports at the base station. Basically, the more antennas the transmitter/receiver is equipped with, and the more degrees of freedom(More)
Basically, the more antennas the base station (and terminal) are equipped with, the better performance in all these four respects. MIMO technology for wireless communications in its conventional form is maturing, and being incorporated into recent and evolving wireless broadband standards like 4G LTE and LTE-advanced. For example, the LTE standard allows(More)
A new approach to low-complexity channel estimation in orthogonal-frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems is proposed. A lowrank approximation is applied to a linear minimum mean-squared error (LMMSE) estimator that uses the frequency correlation of the channel. By using the singular-value decomposition (SVD) an optimal low-rank estimator is derived,(More)
The use of multi-amplitude signaling schemes in wireless OFDM systems requires the tracking of the fading radio channel. This paper addresses channel estimation based on time-domain channel statistics. Using a general model for a slowly fading channel, we present the MMSE and LS estimators and a method for modifications compromising between complexity and(More)
In very-large multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, the base station (BS) is equipped with very large number of antennas as compared to previously considered systems. There are various advantages of increasing the number of antennas, and some schemes require handling large matrices for joint processing (pre-coding) at the BS. The dirty paper coding(More)
This paper describes a hardware efficient linear precoder for Massive MIMO Base Stations (BSs) comprising a very large number of antennas, say, in the order of 100s, serving multiple users simultaneously. To avoid hardware demanding direct matrix inversions required for the Zero-Forcing (ZF) precoder, we use low complexity Neumann series based(More)