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A novel mechanistic modeling approach has been developed that assesses chemical biodegradability in a quantitative manner. It is an expert system predicting biotransformation pathway working together with a probabilistic model that calculates probabilities of the individual transformations. The expert system contains a library of hierarchically ordered(More)
A quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) system for estimating skin sensitization potency has been developed that incorporates skin metabolism and considers the potential of parent chemicals and/or their activated metabolites to react with skin proteins. A training set of diverse chemicals was compiled and their skin sensitization potency(More)
Since the OECD published the Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) for skin sensitization, many efforts have focused on how to integrate and interpret nonstandard information generated for key events in a manner that can be practically useful for decision making. These types of frameworks are known as Integrated Approaches to Testing and Assessment (IATA). Here we(More)
The base-line modeling concept presented in this work is based on the assumption of a maximum bioconcentration factor (BCF) with mitigating factors that reduce the BCF. The maximum bioconcentration potential was described by the multi-compartment partitioning model for passive diffusion. The significance of different mitigating factors associated either(More)
Repeated dose toxicity (RDT) is one of the most important hazard endpoints in the risk assessment of chemicals. However, due to the complexity of the endpoints associated with whole body assessment, it is difficult to build up a mechanistically transparent structure-activity model. The category approach, based on mechanism information, is considered to be(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor is a ligand-activated transcription factor responsive to both natural and synthetic environmental compounds, with the most potent agonist being 2,3,7,8-tetrachlotrodibenzo-p-dioxin. The aim of this work was to develop a categorical COmmon REactivity PAttern (COREPA)-based structure-activity relationship model for predicting(More)
The TImes MEtabolism Simulator platform for predicting Skin Sensitisation (TIMES-SS) is a hybrid expert system, first developed at Bourgas University using funding and data from a consortium of industry and regulators. TIMES-SS encodes structure-toxicity and structure-skin metabolism relationships through a number of transformations, some of which are(More)
Biodegradation plays a key role in the environmental risk assessment of organic chemicals. The need to assess biodegradability of a chemical for regulatory purposes supports the development of a model for predicting the extent of biodegradation at different time frames, in particular the extent of ultimate biodegradation within a '10 day window' criterion(More)
The common reactivity pattern (COREPA) approach is a 3-dimensional, quantitative structure activity relationship (3-D QSAR) technique that permits identification and quantification of specific global and local stereoelectronic characteristics associated with a chemical's biological activity. It goes beyond conventional 3-D QSAR approaches by incorporating(More)
Because of their widespread occurrence and substantial biological activity, halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) comprise one of the more important classes of contaminants in the environment. Some chemicals in this class cause adverse(More)