Outi M. Väisänen

Learn More
The microbial content of printing paper machines, running at a temperature of 45-50 degrees C and at pH 4.5-5, was studied. Bacteria were prevalent colonizers of the machine wet end and the raw materials. A total of 390 strains of aerobic bacteria were isolated and 86% of these were identified to genus and species by biochemical, chemotaxonomic and(More)
Biological slimes (biofilms) collected from the wet end of paper and board machines were examined by electron microscopy and analyzed for fatty acid composition, neutral sugar composition, and ATP. Electron microscopy revealed minuscule prokaryotic organisms (diameter, 0.2 to 0.4 mum). Larger cells morphologically resembling Sphaerotilus and Leptothrix spp.(More)
A total of 130 Bacillus strains were isolated from dairy products, the dairy environment and from packaging boards and board-producing machines. Ninety-eight of these were members of the B. cereus group (B. cereus, B. mycoides and B. thuringiensis) as determined by whole cell fatty acid composition. Fatty acid composition did not differentiate between the(More)
Biofilms of paper mill bacteria were cultivated in paper mill white water-simulating conditions on glass slides or stainless steel coupons in a laboratory culture system. The sugar content and composition of the biofilms were analysed and compared with the sugar composition of paper mill slimes. Acid methanolysis followed by gas chromatography revealed that(More)
Aerobic spore-forming bacteria were found dominant in the microflora of food packaging paper and board. Twenty-five strains of bacteria belonging to the genusBacillus were isolated from these paper and board machines, papermaking chemicals, and final products of papermaking. Nineteen strains were analyzed for production of α-amylase, α-glucosidase,(More)
The degradation of dissolved and colloidal substances from thermomechanical pulp (TMP) by bacteria isolated from a paper mill was studied in a laboratory slide culture system.Burkholderia cepacia strains hydrolysed triglycerides to free fatty acids, and the liberated unsaturated fatty acids were then degraded to some extent. Saturated fatty acids were not(More)
The bacteria of food packaging paper and board were studied. Most of the aerobic strains were spore-formers; members of the genus Bacillus with B. cereus group (B. cereus, B. mycoides, B. thuringiensis), B. polymyxa group (B. polymyxa, B. circulans, B. macerans, B. pabuli), B. brevis and B. licheniformis predominated. The main source of spore-forming(More)
  • 1