Outi M M Paija

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BACKGROUND Aromatase inhibitors are the preferred adjuvant endocrine therapy for the majority of postmenopausal women with hormone-responsive early breast cancer. Although generally more effective than tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitor therapy is associated with increased bone loss and fracture risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS Postmenopausal women receiving(More)
BACKGROUND Letrozole is a proven and effective adjuvant therapy in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive (HR(+)) early breast cancer (EBC). As with other aromatase inhibitors (AIs), long-term letrozole administration is associated with decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and increased fracture risk. This study compared potential(More)
Entacapone is a catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor used as an adjunct to levodopa/dopa decarboxylase inhibitors in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Entacapone increases the bioavailability and reduces the daily variation of plasma levodopa when administered with standard levodopa preparations. These parameters were studied when entacapone(More)
PURPOSE Capecitabine is an active agent in the treatment of breast cancer. It is not known whether integration of capecitabine into an adjuvant regimen that contains a taxane, an anthracycline, and cyclophosphamide improves outcome in early breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Women with axillary node-positive or high-risk node-negative breast cancer were(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (FEC) is now indicated for adjuvant therapy of breast cancer. Its effects on serum bone markers and bone metabolism are unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS The bone formation marker serum osteocalcin, the bone resorption marker serum carboxyterminal telopeptide of type I collagen(More)
BACKGROUND Standard adjuvant chemotherapy regimens for patients with moderate-to-high-risk early breast cancer typically contain a taxane, an anthracycline, and cyclophosphamide. We aimed to investigate whether integration of capecitabine into such a regimen enhances outcome. METHODS In this open-label trial, we randomly assigned (centrally by computer;(More)
INTRODUCTION The monoclonal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor antibody bevacizumab is increasingly used in the treatment of several malignant tumors. The usual side effects of this drug are hypertension and proteinuria. Paclitaxel is widely used in the treatment of breast cancer and head and neck carcinomas. Neither of these two drugs typically causes(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Deramciclane is a new compound that has shown anxiolytic effects in animal experiments and in human studies. The aim of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of deramciclane after intravenous and oral administration, and its oral bioavailability. METHODS Deramciclane 30 mg was given intravenously and orally as(More)
Anaemia is very frequently diagnosed among cancer patients. Use of erythropoietins has proved to be effective in reducing the need of transfusions and enhancing patients' quality of life, but may also have detrimental effects in treating nonanemic asymptomatic patients. We assessed the frequency of anaemia and the frequency with which it was diagnosed and(More)
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