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Prothymosin alpha (ProTalpha) is an acidic polypeptide associated both with cell proliferation and immune regulation. Although ProTalpha's immunomodulating activity is well established at cellular level, limited information is available regarding the signaling pathways triggered by ProTalpha. Using 2-DE proteomic technology, we investigated changes in(More)
Prothymosin alpha (proTalpha) is a 109 amino acid long polypeptide presenting distinct immunoenhancing activity in vitro and in vivo. Recent reports suggest that in apoptotic cells, proTalpha is cleaved by caspases at its carboxy(C)-terminus generating potentially bioactive fragments. In this study, we identified the peptide segment of proTalpha presenting(More)
Anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) activates in vitro peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to lyse a variety of tumor cell lines in a non-major histocompatibility-complex(MHC)-restricted manner [subsequently referred to as anti-CD3-activated killer (AAK) cytotoxicity]. Prothymosin alpha (ProTalpha) is a biological response modifier that exerts its(More)
This study focuses on the specific CD4+ T cell requirement for optimal induction of cytotoxicity against MHC class II negative autologous tumors (AuTu) collected from patients with various types of cancer at advanced stages. CD4+ T cells were induced in cultures of cancer patients' malignant effusion-associated mononuclear cells with irradiated AuTu (mixed(More)
The human HER-2/neu gene encodes a 185 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein recognized by MHC class I-restricted CTLs. Here, we report that HER-2/neu peptide CTL epitopes can also be recognized by cytotoxic NK-T lymphocytes. Unfractionated peptides derived from HLA-A2(+), HER-2/neu(+) tumor cells acid cell extract (ACE), collected from patients with metastatic(More)
At the cellular level, free radicals are tightly controlled by an inducible antioxidant program, since at low non-hazardous amounts they contribute to physiological signalling and homeostasis. However, high levels of oxidative stress promote the accumulation of damaged biomolecules, the impairment of cell signalling pathways and the increase of oncogenic(More)
The role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in tumor angiogenesis is well characterized; nevertheless, it is also a key element in promoting tumor evasion of the immune system by downregulating dendritic cell maturation and thus T cell activation. We sought to investigate the possible direct effect of VEGF on T cell activation and through which(More)
BACKGROUND Several cytokines have been associated with immune regulation and prognosis in ovarian cancer. CD4+CD25+ Tregs and CD3+CD56+ NK-like T cells are involved in the immune response against the tumor. We have investigated the association of cytokines in the ascites from patients with ovarian cancer with these populations, the platinum resistance and(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor action in tumour angiogenesis is well characterised; nevertheless, it functions as a key element in the promotion of the immune system's evasion by tumours. We sought to investigate the possible direct effect of VEGF on T-cell activation and through which type of VEGF receptor it exerts this effect on cells(More)
Prothymosin alpha (ProTalpha) is a small acidic polypeptide with important immunostimulatory properties, which we have previously shown to be exerted by its carboxyl (C)-terminus. It exerts immunoenhancing effects through stimulation of monocytes via toll-like receptor (TLR) triggering. Here, we assayed the activity of synthetic peptides homologous to(More)