Oumar Samassékou

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The ends of human chromosomes are constituted of telomeres, a nucleoprotein complex. They are mainly formed by the entanglement of repeat DNA and telomeric and non-telomeric proteins. Telomeric sequences are lost in each cell division and this loss happens in vitro as well as in vivo. The diminution of telomere length over the cell cycle has led to the(More)
1346 20 JUNE 2014 • VOL 344 ISSUE 6190 sciencemag.org SCIENCE O ur understanding of genome biology, genomics, and disease, and even human history, has advanced tremendously with the completion of the Human Genome Project. Technological advances coupled with significant cost reductions in genomic research have yielded novel insights into disease etiology,(More)
TP53 mutations are the most common mutations in human cancers, and TP53-R175H and TP53-R273H are the most frequent. The impact of these mutations on genomic instability after tumor initiation is still uncovered. To gain insight into this, we studied the effects of three specific TP53 mutants (TP53-V143A, TP53-R175H, and TP53-R273H) on genomic instability(More)
BACKGROUND Prenatal diagnosis of trisomy 21 is based on fetal karyotyping generally obtained using invasive methods. During pregnancy, the circulating fetal cells in maternal blood constitute a potential source for development of a noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. The objective of this study was the identification and quantification of all fetal nucleated(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematologic cancer characterized by the proliferation of myeloid cells and the translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22, [t(9;22)(q34.1;q11.2)]. At the chronic phase (CP), CML cells present longer telomeres than at the other clinical phases, display arm-specific maintenance of individual telomere lengths, and are(More)
Interstitial telomeric sequences (ITSs) are common in human. We previously reported the presence of an ITS at 22q11.2 which is in the vicinity of the genomically unstable region involved in 22q11 rearrangements. Recently, we studied the molecular status of the ITS 22q11.2 in the normal population. The amplification of an ITS at 22q11.2 showed different(More)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and manual scanning is a widely used strategy for retrieving rare cellular events such as fetal cells in maternal blood. In order to determine the efficiency of these techniques in detection of rare cells, slides of XX cells with predefined numbers (1-10) of XY cells were prepared. Following FISH hybridization, the(More)
Interstitial telomeric sequences (ITSs), telomere-like repeats at intrachromosomal sites, are common in mammals and consist of tandem repeats of the canonical telomeric repeat, TTAGGG, or a repeat similar to this. We report that the ITS in human chromosome region 22q11.2 is, in the sequenced genome database, 101 tandem repeats of the sequence TTAGGGAGG.(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a neoplasia characterized by proliferation of a myeloid cell lineage and chromosome translocation t(9;22) (q34;q11.2). As in the case of most cancers, the average telomere length in CML cells is shorter than that in normal blood cells. However, there are currently no data available concerning specific individual telomere(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that critically shortened telomere lengths correlate with the chromosome instability in carcinogenesis. However, little has been noticed regarding the correlation of long telomeres at specific chromosomes with malignant disorders. We studied relative telomere lengths (RTLs) for individual chromosomes using the quantitative(More)