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Mitochondrial membranes maintain a specific phospholipid composition. Most phospholipids are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and transported to mitochondria, but cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine are produced in mitochondria. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, phospholipid exchange between the ER and mitochondria relies on the(More)
In flowering plants, post-embryonic development is mediated by the activity of shoot and root apical meristems. Shoot architecture results from activity of the shoot apical meristem (SAM), which initiates primordia, including leaves, internodes and axillary meristems, repetitively from its flanks. Axillary meristems can develop into secondary shoots or(More)
Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) plays important roles for the structure and function of mitochondria and other intracellular organelles. In yeast, the majority of PE is produced from phosphatidylserine (PS) by a mitochondrion-located PS decarboxylase, Psd1p. Because PS is synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), PS is transported from the ER to(More)
Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) is a major cellular phospholipid that can be made by four separate pathways, one of which resides in the mitochondrion. The mitochondrial enzyme that generates PE is phosphatidylserine decarboxylase 1 (Psd1p). The pool of PE produced by Psd1p, which cannot be compensated for by the other cellular PE metabolic pathways, is(More)
Phosphatidylserine decarboxylase 1 (Psd1p), an ancient enzyme that converts phosphatidylserine to phosphatidylethanolamine in the inner mitochondrial membrane, must undergo an autocatalytic self-processing event to gain activity. Autocatalysis severs the protein into a large membrane-anchored β subunit that noncovalently associates with the small α subunit(More)
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