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Selectin and alpha 4 beta 7-integrins have been shown to mediate transient leucocyte interactions with endothelial cells which is a crucial step in the initial immune response to pathogens. We have previously shown that stimulation of T lymphocytes via L-selectin results in activation of a signalling cascade from the L-selectin molecule via the tyrosine(More)
Selectins mediate rolling, the initial step of leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells [Springer, T. A. (1995) Annu. Rev. Physiol. 57, 827-872 and Butcher, E. C. (1991) Cell 67, 1033-1036]. In this study we show that L-selectin triggering of Jurkat cells using different antibodies or glycomimetics resulted in activation of the src-tyrosine kinase p56lck;(More)
L-selectin mediated adhesion to endothelial cells is a crucial step in the immune response to pathogens (1, 2) and in lymphocyte homing (3, 4). Selectin molecules mediate leukocyte rolling on endothelial cells, the initial step of adhesion (5, 6). We have previously shown that stimulation of Jurkat T-lymphocytes via L-selectin results in activation of the(More)
In the present study, we show that Fas receptor ligation or cellular treatment with synthetic C6-ceramide results in activation or phosphorylation, respectively, of the small G-protein Rac1, Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/p38 kinases (p38-K), and the transcription factor GADD153. A signaling cascade from the Fas receptor via ceramide, Ras, Rac1, and JNK/p38-K(More)
The endothelial surface layer (glycocalyx) of cerebral capillaries may increase resistance to blood flow. This hypothesis was investigated in mice by intravenous administration of heparinase (2500 IU/kg body weight in saline), which cleaves proteoglycan junctions of the glycocalyx. Morphology was investigated by transmission electron microscopy. Cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia of prematurity is characterized by low reticulocyte counts and inadequate erythropoietin response, for which many very-low-birth-weight infants receive multiple blood transfusions. We investigated whether early treatment of such infants with recombinant human erythropoietin would reduce their need for transfusions. METHODS We performed a(More)
PURPOSE The L1 adhesion molecule (CD171) is overexpressed in human ovarian and endometrial carcinomas and is associated with bad prognosis. Although expressed as a transmembrane molecule, L1 is released from carcinoma cells in a soluble form. Soluble L1 is present in serum and ascites of ovarian carcinoma patients. We investigated the mode of L1 cleavage(More)
The effects of red blood cell transfusion on the incidences of apnoea, bradycardia, tachycardia and oxygen desaturation over periods of 72 hours before and after transfusion were assessed in 25 infants with a gestational age of < or = 32 weeks (mean (SEM) 29.2 (0.4) weeks, birthweight 1170 (73) g; postnatal age at transfusion 39 (4) days). During(More)
Anaemia may increase the risk of tissue hypoxia in preterm infants. The effect of transfusion on circulation was studied in 33 preterm infants with a mean (SD) gestational age of 29 (5) weeks (range 26-34), birth weight 1153 (390) g (range 520-1840), and postnatal age of 48 (21) days (range 19-100). Packed cell volume, blood viscosity (capillary(More)
A female infant, aged 5 weeks, had metabolic alkalosis associated with severe electrolyte disturbances. In addition to findings typically seen in patients with Bartter syndrome or hyperprostaglandin E syndrome, she had massive urinary excretion of prostaglandins E2 and E-M, normal calcium metabolism, hyperphosphaturia, and severe hyperchloriduria and(More)