Otto R. Velásquez

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Although lipids are essential nutrients in the mammalian diet, we have shown that fatty acids are injurious to epithelial cells of developing piglet intestine during luminal perfusion. Furthermore, the intestine of young animals sustains greater injury than that of older piglets. In an effort to understand the mechanism for this developmental injury, we(More)
The hypermetabolic neonatal intestine requires an appropriate supply of energy to meet its needs. Adequate regulatory mechanisms for intestinal blood flow must be present to cope with a high oxygen demand. In the developing intestine, intrinsic hemodynamic control matures as a function of postnatal age, and the newborn appears to balance this vascular(More)
A role for luminal nutrients, in particular products of lipid digestion, in the pathogenesis of mucosal injury to developing intestine has been postulated. We evaluated changes in mucosal permeability and light and electron microscopic histology induced by luminal perfusion with the long-chain fatty acid oleate in developing piglet intestine as a function(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The lipid component of piglet formula (0.5% fat) causes increased mucosal permeability in 1-day-old piglets after ischemia/reperfusion. The present study examined if luminal exposure to infant formulas (3.5% fat) and ischemia/reperfusion result in an animal model of necrotizing enterocolitis and if injury is dependent on the formula fat(More)
ABSTRACT: Luminal perfusion with the long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) oleate in concentrations similar to that found in premature infant formula produces a dose- and age-dependent mucosal injury in developing intestine. To investigate whether this lipid-induced phenomenon is a function of the degree of saturation and/or chain length of the fatty acid, 51Cr-EDTA(More)
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