Otto Pedraza

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Numerous kindreds with familial frontotemporal dementia and/or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have been linked to chromosome 9, and an expansion of the GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeat in the non-coding region of chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 has recently been identified as the pathogenic mechanism. We describe the key characteristics in the probands and(More)
Multiple studies have explored the relationship between MRI-based volumetric measurements of the hippocampus and amygdala, the degree of volumetric asymmetry of these structures, and symptom manifestation. However, considerable variability exists with regard to the reported volumetric values of these structures. The present study employed meta-analytic(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the rate of progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). METHODS We followed 337 patients with MCI in the Mayo Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (range 2-12 years). Competing risks survival models were used to examine the rates of progression to clinically probable DLB and Alzheimer disease(More)
We examined subclinical alterations of cerebral function during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and predictability of minor cerebral damage by perioperative levels of biochemical markers of brain damage (S100B and neuron-specific enolase [NSE]). Twenty consecutive patients with > or =70% asymptomatic carotid stenosis undergoing elective CEA were enrolled. Pre-(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether adding REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) to the dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) diagnostic criteria improves classification accuracy of autopsy-confirmed DLB. METHODS We followed 234 consecutive patients with dementia until autopsy with a mean of 4 annual visits. Clinical diagnoses included DLB, Alzheimer disease (AD),(More)
As there is currently no standardized assessment tool for evaluating Parkinson disease (PD) patients for deep brain stimulation (DBS), the authors developed the Florida Surgical Questionnaire for Parkinson Disease (FLASQ-PD). Part I of the study was a retrospective analysis of 174 patients presenting for a surgical screening. Part II was a multicenter study(More)
KIBRA single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs17070145 was identified in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of memory performance, with some but not all follow-up studies confirming association of its T allele with enhanced memory. This allele was associated with reduced Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk in 1 study, which also found overexpression of KIBRA(More)
We tested association of nine late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) risk variants from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with memory and progression to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or LOAD (MCI/LOAD) in older Caucasians, cognitively normal at baseline and longitudinally evaluated at Mayo Clinic Rochester and Jacksonville (n>2000). Each variant was(More)
Clinical and neuropathological characteristics associated with G4C2 repeat expansions in chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9ORF72), the most common genetic cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia, are highly variable. To gain insight on the molecular basis for the heterogeneity among C9ORF72 mutation carriers, we(More)
Accurate neuropsychological assessment of older individuals from heterogeneous backgrounds is a major challenge. Education, ethnicity, language, and age are associated with scale level differences in test scores, but item level bias might contribute to these differences. We evaluated several strategies for dealing with item and scale level demographic(More)