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The core gene of the hepatitis B virus genome contains two conserved in-phase initiation codons separated by about 90 nucleotides. This region ("the precore region") encodes largely hydrophobic amino acids. We have expressed the coding sequence of the core gene with or without the precore region by using a simian virus 40-derived vector in heterologous(More)
The first genome wide association study (GWAS) for childhood asthma identified a novel major susceptibility locus on chromosome 17q21 harboring the ORMDL3 gene, but the role of previous asthma candidate genes was not specifically analyzed in this GWAS. We systematically identified 89 SNPs in 14 candidate genes previously associated with asthma in >3(More)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) enhancer and the core gene promoter regulate the expression of the core and polymerase genes, as well as of the 3.5-kilobase pregenomic RNA. RNA analysis and chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene expression by plasmids carrying the HBV enhancer linked to the heterologous beta-globin or simian virus 40 early promoter demonstrated(More)
We have constructed two simian virus 40 early replacement recombinants that have the coding sequences for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg). One construction, LSV-HBsAg, has the coding region for HBsAg but not the portion encoding the putative pre-surface antigen leader. Transformed monkey kidney cells (COS) infected with this recombinant express(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, Protocadherin-1 (PCDH1) was reported as a novel susceptibility gene for bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR) and asthma. PCDH1 is located on chromosome 5q31-33, in the vicinity of several known candidate genes for asthma and allergy. To exclude that the associations observed for PCDH1 originate from the nearby cytokine cluster, an(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, three genome-wide association studies (GWAS) demonstrated FCER1A, the gene encoding a ligand-binding subunit of the high-affinity IgE receptor, to be a major susceptibility locus for serum IgE levels. The top association signal differed between the two studies from the general population and the one based on an asthma case-control(More)
Recent studies suggest that hepatitis B virus (HBV), despite being a DNA virus, replicates via an RNA intermediate (R. H. Miller, P. L. Marion, and S. W. Robinson, Virology 139:64-72, 1984; J. Summers and W. S. Mason, Cell 29:403-415, 1982). The HBV life cycle is therefore a permuted version of the RNA retroviral life cycle. Sequence homology between(More)
BACKGROUND Chromosome 17q21, harboring the orosomucoid 1-like 3 (ORMDL3) gene, has been consistently associated with childhood asthma in genome-wide association studies. OBJECTIVE We investigated genetic variants in and around ORMDL3 that can change the function of ORMDL3 and thus contribute to asthma susceptibility. METHODS We performed haplotype(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) repeatedly identified 1q23 (FCER1A), 5q31 (RAD50-IL13 and IL4), and 12q13 (STAT6) as major susceptibility loci influencing the regulation of total serum IgE levels. As GWAS may be insufficient to capture causal variants, we performed fine-mapping and re-genotyping of the three loci using 1000 Genomes Project(More)