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The first genome wide association study (GWAS) for childhood asthma identified a novel major susceptibility locus on chromosome 17q21 harboring the ORMDL3 gene, but the role of previous asthma candidate genes was not specifically analyzed in this GWAS. We systematically identified 89 SNPs in 14 candidate genes previously associated with asthma in >3(More)
INTRODUCTION Type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed at an early presymptomatic stage by the detection of islet autoantibodies. The Fr1da study aims to assess whether early staging of type 1 diabetes (1) is feasible at a population-based level, (2) prevents severe metabolic decompensation observed at the clinical manifestation of type 1 diabetes and (3) reduces(More)
BACKGROUND Genomewide association studies identified ORMDL3 as a plausible asthma candidate gene. ORMDL proteins regulate sphingolipid metabolism and ceramide homeostasis and participate in lymphocyte activation and eosinophil recruitment. Strong sequence homology between the three ORMDL genes and ORMDL protein conservation among different species suggest(More)
Poly(A)-containing SV40 cytoplasmic RNA was hybridized with linear double-stranded SV40 DNA and formed RNA displacement loops (R loops). The structures visualized in the electron microscope are consistent with the conclusion that the leader sequences at the 5' ends of the 16S and 19S late mRNAs are not coded immediately adjacent to the main portions of the(More)
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