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A novel extension of active appearance models (AAMs) for automated border detection in echocardiographic image sequences is reported. The active appearance motion model (AAMM) technique allows fully automated robust and time-continuous delineation of left ventricular (LV) endocardial contours over the full heart cycle with good results. Nonlinear intensity(More)
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BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes (DM-2) and impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) are associated with an increased cardiovascular disease risk. In nondiabetic individuals, increased arterial stiffness is an important cause of cardiovascular disease. Associations between DM-2 and IGM and arterial stiffness have not been systematically investigated. METHODS AND(More)
The development of ultrasound contrast agents, containing encapsulated microbubbles, has increased the possibilities for diagnostic imaging. Ultrasound contrast agents are currently used to enhance left ventricular opacification, increase Doppler signal intensity, and in myocardial perfusion imaging. Diagnostic imaging with contrast agents is performed with(More)
BACKGROUND Maintenance of sinus rhythm is the main therapeutic goal in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, recurrences of atrial fibrillation and side effects of antiarrhythmic drugs offset the benefits of sinus rhythm. We hypothesized that ventricular rate control is not inferior to the maintenance of sinus rhythm for the treatment of atrial(More)
Differentiation between viable myocardium and scar tissue in segments with abnormal contraction has important consequences in the clinical management of patients with coronary artery disease. Positron emission tomography (PET) can identify viable tissue using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). However, application of PET for daily routine is limited. In this(More)
In the present study, we addressed the interactions among ultrasound, microbubbles, and living cells as well as consequent arising bioeffects. We specifically investigated whether hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is involved in transient permeabilization of cell membranes in vitro after ultrasound exposure at low diagnostic power, in the presence of stable(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to evaluate the relative prognostic significance of restrictive left ventricular (LV) filling after acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND Data regarding the contribution of diastolic dysfunction to prognosis after myocardial infarction are limited, and the additional value over the assessment of systolic dysfunction is(More)
AIM To examine whether reduced cognitive functioning can be observed in early stages of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS In 313 individuals aged 59-87 years from the longitudinal non-demented population-based Hoorn Study, echocardiography was performed to measure markers of LV systolic and diastolic function at(More)
BACKGROUND Rate control is often the therapy of choice for atrial fibrillation. Guidelines recommend strict rate control, but this is not based on clinical evidence. We hypothesized that lenient rate control is not inferior to strict rate control for preventing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation. METHODS(More)